7 Recomended Steps to Treatment of Acne for Teen
Treatment of Acne sometimes takes months, depending on how severe the acne is experienced. You can treat your own mild acne in the form of spots, blackheads, and blackheads using a cream or gel containing benzoyl peroxide. Cream or gel you can buy without a prescription. Here are some helpful suggestions for you with acne
- Use mild soap or cleanser, and warm water to clean out acne areas. Should avoid using water that is too hot or cold because it can make acne worse.
- Do not wash the skin area often acne because it will only exacerbate the irritation, simply wash twice a day.
- Arrange hair as much as possible so as not to face and hair shampoo regularly to always clean.
- Do not try to remove blackheads by pressing it because it will aggravate and leave scars.
- Do not use cosmetics or excessive makeup. We recommend using water-based cosmetic products that have no effect inhibiting skin pores.
- Clean up the makeup before bed.
- If you have dry skin, use a water-based moisturizer that does not contain perfume.
If you are treating acne, you should not expect short results because the process can last up to three months. Patience and endurance are needed during the process.
If the irritated area is widespread, and papules and pustules appear in large quantities, and do not go away even if treated, go to your doctor immediately. Your doctor will usually give you a prescription.
Acne medications typically purchased through a doctor’s prescription include topical antibiotics, topical retinoids, birth control pills for women, isotretinoin tablets, antibiotic tablets, and azelaic acid.
Your doctor may refer you to a dermatologist if painful nodules appear, in addition to large papules and pustules to the chest, back, and face.
Overcoming Acne with Topical Retinoids
In addition to preventing the clogging of hair follicles by dead skin cells, topical retinoids are also able to reduce sebum production in the oil glands. Topical retinoid medications commonly used are tretinoin and adapalene, available in the form of creams and gels. This medicine is usually used once before bedtime, which is 20 minutes after you wash your face.
There are several things to watch out for before taking this drug. For pregnant women, topical retinoids should be shunned as they can cause birth defects. Also, take this drug as a measure and protect the irritated skin from excessive exposure to sun’s ultraviolet rays.
Usually this treatment is lived within a period of six weeks. But to prevent acne reappear, you may be advised to continue using this drug with a rare frequency.
Doctors sometimes recommend the use of topical retinoids combined with dapsone for more effective results. But the combination of these drugs has the potential to cause side effects in some users, the skin becomes dry and redness.
Overcoming Acne with Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is able to prevent dead skin clogging hair follicles and killing bacteria that can infect clogged follicles. This medicine is used on acne prone areas within 20 minutes after you wash your face. Benzoyl peroxide is available in gel and cream form.
Use this medicine at the recommended dosage. Excessive use can cause skin irritation. Some of the side effects that arise from the use of this drug include an itching, stinging, and heat on the skin. In addition, the skin can also harden and dry, even become redness and peeling.
Avoid frequent exposure to sun’s ultraviolet rays when using benzoyl peroxide because it can cause your skin to be more sensitive to the rays. This medicine also has a whitening effect, so as much as possible do not get exposed to your clothes or hair.
No need to worry about the side effects that exist because it will generally disappear by itself after treatment is completed.
To remove all acne, benzoyl peroxide is usually used for six weeks. However, afterwards, there are patients who may be advised to continue using this drug with less frequent use in preventing acne again.
Overcoming Acne with Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid is able to get rid of dead skin and kill acne bacteria. This drug is commonly used as an alternative for those who do not want to undergo treatment with topical retinoids or benzoyl peroxide because of its irritating and annoying side effects. This drug does not make the wearer sensitive to sunlight.
But that does not mean azelaic acid drug has no side effects. Side effects remain even lighter. Some of the side effects of using azelaic acid can make skin redness and dry. Sometimes the skin also feels itchy, hot, or sore.
Azelaic acid is available in gel or cream form, usually used twice daily or once daily for those with more sensitive skin. The initial efficacy of this new drug will be seen a month after use.
Overcoming Acne with Topical Antibiotics
Topical antibiotics are capable of killing bacteria on the skin that can infect clogged hair follicles. The drug is available in liquid or gel form.
There are several side effects that can arise through this treatment, although it is rare. These side effects can make skin redness and feel hot, skin irritated light, and sometimes peeling.
Topical antibiotics are commonly used once or twice a day. Usually this treatment is done for 6-8 weeks. After this period, the use of this drug should be stopped so that the bacteria on the face do not turn into immune to this drug so that the infection can increase or the acne gets worse.
Antibiotic Tablets For Treating Larger Acne.
For high acne severity, treatment can be done by combining topical medications with antibiotic tablets. Recovery is usually only seen after six weeks of treatment, depending on the reaction of each user. There is even a new recovery seen after 4-6 months.
In most severe cases of acne, the doctor will prescribe a type of antibiotic called tetracycline. However, this drug is usually not given to women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. As a substitute for pregnant women, doctors will suggest antibiotics called erythromycin because it is safer to use.
In addition to making your skin sensitive to ultraviolet light from the sun, tetracycline can also make the contraceptive pill less effective during the first few weeks of treatment. Usually you are advised to use other contraceptives, such as a condom, during this treatment.
Treating acne with antiandrogen
If antibiotics can not relieve acne, antiandrogen administration may be considered by a doctor. This drug works by blocking the androgen effect on the sebaceous glands. One example of androgen drugs is spironolactone.
Isotretinoin To Prevent Clogged Hair Follicles
Isotretinoin is a tablet-shaped acne medicine. This drug is able to prevent the clogging of hair follicles and reduce the amount of bacteria on the skin. In addition isotretinoin also helps reduce sebum production in the skin glands. Isotretinoin can also relieve swelling in acne spots and reduce redness around the infected skin.
Most users of isotretinoin drugs take 4-6 months before the results are seen. During the first 7-10 days of treatment, acne will look more spread. Do not worry, this kind of condition is considered normal in the early days of usage.
Apart from a number of advantages above, this drug also stores various side effects. Therefore, the use of isotretinoin is only recommended for those who experience severe acne and can not recover with other treatments. In other words, it is only given to those whose treatment is specifically prescribed by a dermatologist. A number of side effects of isotretinoin treatment include:
- Changes in blood sugar levels.
- Inflammation, dryness, and cracks that occur on the skin, lips, and around the nostrils.
- The presence of blood in the urine.
- Blepharitis or inflammation of the eyelids.
- Conjunctivitis or inflammation and eye irritation
A number of issues are circulating that isotretinoin users experience mood swings. Although there is no evidence about it, it helps you take precautions. Ask your doctor if you feel depressed or anxious, aggressive, or have a shadow to kill yourself after starting isotretinoin use.
Other side effects of rarer isotretinoin treatment are kidney disease, inflammation of the pancreas, and hepatitis or inflammation of the liver. Therefore you are advised to have a blood test before or during this treatment to avoid these three risk risks.
The last side effect of isotretinoin treatment that pregnant women worry about is the abnormality in the fetus they conceive. These drugs should also be avoided by those who are breastfeeding.
If you are a woman entering childbearing age, you should use one or two contraceptive methods for one month before treatment begins, during treatment, and for one month after treatment is over. Even if you have used contraceptive methods, you still need to have a pregnancy test before, during, and after treatment. So also for those who are pregnant or feel themselves pregnant, forbidden to use isotretinoin.
Contact a dermatologist immediately if you feel you are pregnant while taking isotretinoin treatment.
Hormone Therapy for Menstrual Women Experiencing Acne
The positive effects of hormonal therapy treatments are often felt for acne, especially if the acne appears during menstruation or when it comes to hormonal problems, such as polycystic ovary syndrome. If you have not taken the medication, your doctor will usually recommend using a combination pill. Generally in women, combination pills can help restore acne even though it can take up to a year before fully visible results.
Other Non-Drug Therapy Options
In addition to using drugs, there are several other acne treatment techniques. This treatment technique can be done alone or simultaneously with drug consumption.
The first is chemical peels. In this method, the acne skin will be exfoliated with the aim of growing a new skin layer. In the process, chemical peels involve chemicals, namely salicylic acid.
Therapy using a blackhead extractor can also be done. As the name implies, the method assisted by this special tool is intended to remove blackheads.
Steroid injections aimed at removing acne nodules and cysts may also be possible. Through this technique, doctors do not need to perform surgical removal, but only by injecting steroid drugs on the skin of the problem.
Another technique is photodynamic therapy (also called light therapy). Through this method, acne is removed by killing inflammatory bacteria by firing light.