Causes of Stomach Cancer in Adults
The causes of stomach cancer is still not known for certain. But in general, cancer occurs when cells in certain parts of the stomach develop uncontrollably. Due to this excessive growth, cells that had normal properties to help the body function properly, it becomes accumulated into a tumor. If left untreated, the tumor may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system.
Some factors that can increase a person’s risk of stomach cancer are:
- Smoke. The harmful substances contained in cigarette smoke can be inhaled and can damage cells in the stomach wall. Therefore a smoker will have twice the risk of stomach cancer compared to those who do not smoke.
- Food. Too much consumption of bacon, salt, salted fish, pickles, and foods containing aflatoxin (toxins from the fungus). This condition is exacerbated by the lack of eating fruits and vegetables.
- 55 years and older and male. The risk of stomach cancer in men twice as much as women.
- Pylori bacterial infection. These bacteria are the causes of gastric diseases such as digestive disorders, peptic ulcers, and inflammation in the lining of the stomach.
- Have a stomach infection for a long time.
- Suffered from pernicious anemia. This condition occurs when a person is deficient in vitamin B12.
- Suffers conditions leading to the appearance of polyps in the stomach.
- Has a close relative of gastric cancer.
- Ever had surgery on the stomach.
- Suffer other types of cancer. Patients with lymphoma cancer or white blood cell cancer, esophageal cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, cervical cancer, and lung cancer have a higher risk of stomach cancer.