Social Anxiety Disorder Treatment
There are two methods of treatment that are effective in overcoming social anxiety disorder, namely through psychotherapy and drug delivery. This treatment should be provided by a psychiatrist or trained and experienced therapist dealing with people with social anxiety disorders. One method of psychotherapy for social anxiety disorders is cognitive behavioral therapy. This method is generally done to deal with severe cases of social anxiety disorder. The purpose of this method is to reduce anxiety by eliminating beliefs or attitudes that make the phobia of social disorders persist.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is performed in three stages. The first stage is to confront the patient in a situation that is frightening to him. The second stage is to create a situation of rejection or criticism, with the aim of building the confidence of the patient slowly and convince the sufferer that he or she is capable of receiving good judgment or criticism. While the last stage is to imagine the most powerful fear of criticism and rejection, and build a constructive response in the face of these fears. The third stage is only done by experienced experts, and only done when the patient feels ready to run it.
Cognitive behavioral therapy generally lasts for 12 weeks and can be done in groups. In addition to behavioral therapy, support therapy for couples or families of patients is also necessary to provide an understanding of this social anxiety disorder.
In addition to these cognitive behavioral therapy methods, appropriate and effective drug delivery also plays an important role to overcome social anxiety disorder. Drugs given in the form of:
- Anti-alliance drugs. Antiansietas drugs such as benzodiazepines can decrease the level of anxiety that works quickly. However, these drugs are usually only used in the short term because of the risk of forming habits and addictions.
- Antidepressant drugs. There are several antidepressant medications, one of which is serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) inhibitors that increase serotonin levels in the brain. This drug is given in low doses initially and can be added after the body of patients accustomed to taking this drug. In addition, other classes of antidepressants such as monoamine oxidase (monoamine oxidase inhibitors / MAOIs) may also be used.
- Beta blockers. This drug aims to withstand the effects of epinephrine (adrenaline) so as to reduce heart rate, blood pressure, and muffled a shaking voice. This drug will be effective for controlling symptoms in a particular situation and is not recommended for routine use.
Treatment for social anxiety disorder can not be done in a short time. Treatment of psychotherapy and find a drug that suits the condition of the patient may take several weeks or months.
For some people, the symptoms of social anxiety disorder may subside over time, and the dosage of the drug will be slowly lowered until the patient does not take any medication at all. While for other patients, it takes years of taking drugs to prevent these symptoms reappear. To ensure effective treatment, patients are advised to see a doctor or therapist regularly so that changes in the conditions experienced can be monitored.
If social anxiety disorders are not addressed properly, then the enjoyment of life, relationships with others, achievement in school and workplace will be greatly disrupted. The most severe, this disorder can even make the sufferer attempt suicide.