Skin Infection Treatment For Humans
Some types of skin infections are mainly caused by viruses, usually skin infections treatment are done at home without the need for a doctor. Unlike viruses, skin infections caused by bacteria usually have to be treated with antibiotics. If still relatively mild, antibiotics shaped cream or ointment you can apply directly to the infected skin. However, if the severity of the infection is high enough, the doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics to be drunk or if necessary give you a shot of antibiotics. Similarly, with fungal skin infections, your doctor can give anti-fungal, drink, or topical injections.
To help reduce inflammation and itching, you can either compress the infected skin with cold water or take an over-the-counter antihistamine drug in a pharmacy.
Treatment of Smallpox
Because smallpox is caused by a virus, treatment by doctors is generally unnecessary except in patients with certain conditions, such as newborns, pregnant women, and patients with low immune systems. For all three cases, doctors will usually prescribe aciclovir.
Do not scratch smallpox although itchy because it can leave a scar after heal or dry. If smallpox causes fever symptoms, the consumption of over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen and paracetamol. Although it is sold freely, it is important to read and adhere to the usage instructions contained on the packaging to avoid undesirable side effects.
Herpes Zoster Treatment
Antiviral drugs such as aciclovir, famciclovir, and valaciclovir may be prescribed to speed healing, reduce severity, and prevent complications. In addition, you can also take painkillers, such as paracetamol, to relieve symptoms of pain.
During the healing period of herpes zoster, you are advised to keep the rash dry and clean. In addition, it is prohibited to close the rash with a bandage because it can slow the healing period.
Treatment of Ulcers, Impetigo, Cellulitis, and Leprosy
Because these five conditions occur due to bacterial infection, the main treatment is to use antibiotics. In addition, painkillers, such as paracetamol, can be used to relieve pain.
For severe cases of ulcers, your doctor may give you a penicillin, clarithromycin, or antibiotic. In addition, treatment with small surgery to remove the pus in the ulcer can be done if needed.
For the case of impetigo, topical antibiotics are usually given if the severity of the disease is still relatively mild. If it is severe enough, then the doctor will usually give antibiotics to drink.
For cases of cellulitis, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics of the penicillin group. But if you are allergic to penicillin, then the doctor can replace it with clarithromycin or erythromycin. If the severity of your cellulitis is severe enough, for example to experience symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and fever, it is likely to require hospitalization. Symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and fever may be a sign that cellulitis infection has spread to the bloodstream.
In cases of leprosy, antibiotics diaminodifenyl sulphon, rifampicin, and clofazimine are usually used as initial therapy, usually for a period of over half a year. To prevent nerve damage or other damage, doctors also usually prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs.
Treatment of Ringworm, Candidiasis, Athlete Foot Disease, Sporotrikokis, and Nail Fungus
Because these five conditions are skin infections caused by fungi, the main treatment is to use antifungal drugs. Antifungal drugs are available in tablet form (eg griseofulvin and terbinafine), creams, sprays, or shampoo (eg ketoconazole and selenium sulphide).
It is important to evaluate the advice of the physician or the instructions contained in the drug product packaging regarding the procedures for use and dosage for the treatment of fungal infections can work safer and more effectively.