Signs and Symptoms of HIV And AIDS
In signs and symptoms of HIV And AIDS, HIV infection appears in three stages. The first stage is seroconversion (The specific time period in which HIV antibodies have started to develop against the virus.). The second stage is the time when no symptoms appear. And the third stage is HIV infection turned into AIDS.
The first stage
People infected with the HIV virus will suffer from a flu-like illness. After this, HIV does not cause any symptoms for several years. Symptoms such as this flu will appear several weeks after infection. This period of time is often referred to as seroconversion.
It is estimated, about 8 out of 10 people infected with HIV experience this. The most common symptoms are:
- Sore throat
- Rashes appear on the body, usually not itchy
- Swollen lymph smears
- Weight loss
- Painful joints
- Muscle ache
The symptoms above can last for one to two months, or even longer. This is a sign of the immune system being against the virus. But, these symptoms can be caused by diseases other than HIV. This condition is not solely due to HIV infection.
Perform an HIV test if you feel you are at risk of infection or when the symptoms mentioned above appear. But keep in mind, not everyone has the same symptoms as mentioned above. If you think you’ve done something that put you at risk of getting infected, visit the nearest clinic or hospital for an HIV test.
Once the initial symptoms disappear, HIV usually does not cause further symptoms for years. This period is called the incubation period, or latency period. The virus continues to spread and damage the immune system. At this stage, you will feel healthy and no problem. We may not be aware of HIV, but we can transmit this infection to others. The length of this stage can run about 10 years or even more.
Third Stage or the Last Stage of HIV Infection
If left untreated, HIV will weaken the body’s ability to fight infection. With this condition, you will be more susceptible to serious illness. This final stage is better known as AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The following are symptoms that appear in the last stage of HIV infection:
- Lymph nodes or lymph nodes swell at the neck and groin.
- Fever lasting more than 10 days.
- Feeling tired almost every time.
- Sweating at night.
- Weight loss down unknown cause.
- Purple spots are not lost on the skin.
- Hard to breathe.
- Severe and sustained diarrhea.
- Fungal infections of the mouth, throat, or vagina.
- Easily bruised or bleeding without cause.
The risk of a deadly disease will increase at this stage. For example, cancer, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. But despite this deadly disease, HIV treatment can still be done. Early treatment can help improve health.