Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration
The two early signs and symptoms of dehydration are a dark yellow thirst and urine. This is the body’s way of trying to increase fluid in the body and reduce the discharge of fluids. Depending on how much your body loses fluid, dehydration is divided into three kinds. That is light, medium, and heavy.
Light and Medium Dehydration
Mild and moderate dehydration will generally lead to:
- The color of urine becomes more dark or dark
- The number and frequency of urine removal decreases
- The mouth is dry and sticky
- Easy to get sleepy and get tired quickly
You can cure the dehydration process at this stage without medical help by drinking more fluids. If dehydration is allowed to continue for a prolonged period, it can affect kidney function and increase the risk of kidney stones. Ultimately, it can also cause muscle damage.
While in children and infants, the symptoms of dehydration are as follows:
- When we cry there is no tears
- The eyes look sunken inward
- Shrinking the top of the head
- The diapers stay dry for 12 hours
- The skin feels cold and dry
- Easy to get angry and lethargic
- The mouth is dry and sticky
- Fatigue and dizziness
Dehydration can be dangerous if left alone and not treated promptly. Severe dehydration is considered an emergency medical condition and requires rapid treatment. Symptoms that may occur when experiencing severe dehydration are:
- Easily irritable and confused
- Little tears and dry mouth
- Rapid but weak heartbeat
- Breathing quickly
- The eyes look sunken
- The skin becomes inelastic, after being pinched back to the origin for longer
- Low blood pressure
- Do not urinate for 8 hours or in infants, diapers rarely become wet due to urine.
- Very dizzy or sleepy, especially in infants and children
- Low awareness level
- In children and infants, the feet and hands will be cold and blotchy-looking without itching or pain.
Dehydration at this level requires hospitalization. You will be given an IV to return the amount of fluid lost. If not treated seriously, it can cause complications. Among other brain swelling (cerebral edema), seizures, body temperature disorders of the body increased to a stroke (heat injury and heatstroke), hypovolemic shock, kidney failure, coma, and death.
In addition to the three types of dehydration that are differentiated based on their severity, the following types of dehydration are based on the cause, namely:
- Hypertonic dehydration. When the body loses a lot of water so that the body’s sodium levels increase. This type of dehydration is usually caused by lack of drinking, burns, diabetes, or having watery or watery diarrhea and vomiting. In general, infants and children are more likely to have hypertonic dehydration than adults.
- Hypotonic dehydration (hyponatremia). A dehydration condition in which the sodium content in the blood vessels is reduced more than the moisture content.
- Isotonic dehydration. In this type of dehydration, water and body sodium are reduced to the same degree. Isotonic dehydration is often caused by ordinary diarrhea.