Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder occurs because bipolar disorder is one of psychiatric illness that causes people to experience drastic mood swings from mania to depression, or vice versa. Therefore, the signs and symptoms that occur in patients with this condition will depend on the phase of the mood that he experienced.
Symptoms of the mania phase
The phase of mania is marked by a significant mood increase that causes people with bipolar disorder who experience it will feel very excited and excited. They feel very energetic and feel not tired despite lack of sleep and lack of food. In addition, they also talk quickly and feel they have many complicated ideas or plans.
Mania also makes the ego sufferers high so often they become irritable and annoyed, feel themselves very important, do frivolous things by spending money on savings, or make big decisions that are high risk or harm yourself and others.
Sometimes in some cases bipolar, patients can also experience psychotic symptoms of delusions and hallucinations. When hallucinating, a person will feel like hearing or seeing something that actually does not exist. When experiencing delusions, a person with bipolar disorder will believe in something that is generally unreasonable or incorrectly logical.
Symptoms of the depression phase
The opposite of the mania phase is the depression phase. This phase is marked by a significant decrease in mood so that bipolar sufferers will feel very sad, sleepless, no appetite, lack confidence, feel guilty, pessimistic, feel worthless, and tend to despair. If this symptom is getting worse, it is feared that the patient can hurt himself or even commit suicide.
Depression phase can also make people with bipolar disorder becomes difficult to concentrate and decreased memory so that not infrequently decreased achievement or productivity.
Depression phase can also make the relationship of bipolar sufferers with the closest people become damaged by being often angry, losing interest in daily activities and feel unable to enjoy everything.
When viewed from a mood episode turnaround, there are some bipolar disorder sufferers who experience a normal period between the phase of mania and the depressive phase. Nevertheless, there are some patients who experience rapid turnaround from phase to phase in the absence of a normal period. Each phase can take several weeks to several months.
In bipolar disorder, there are also patients who experience mania and depression simultaneously, for example when the patient feels very energetic, but at the same time feel very sad and desperate as well. This phenomenon is called a mixed state.