Psychiatric Disorders List in Humans
Many people are constantly distracted by their mental health from life’s problems. If not addressed immediately, this condition risks developing into a mental illness. This mental illness turned out many kinds, ranging from drug addiction to personality disorders.
Mental illness is a mental disorder that affects mood, mindset, to behavior in general. A person is called a mental illness if the symptoms he experienced often cause stress and make it unable to perform normal daily activities.
The characteristics of people experiencing mental illness may vary from one to another, but in general, those with mental disorders can be identified from certain symptoms. Symptoms such as drastic mood changes from very sad to very excited or otherwise, feeling overwhelming fear, withdrawing from social life, often feeling so angry that they are violent and delusional. Sometimes these symptoms are also accompanied by changes in physical conditions, such as headaches, back pain, or abdominal pain.
Making Sure You Are at Risk for Sickness
The cause of mental illness is often unknown. Mental illness can be motivated by various things. Generally thought of genetic factors as well as environmental factors around or a combination of certain factors. Here are some of the most common factors.
- Natural chemical compounds in the brain called neurotransmitters play an important role for one’s mental health. This change in chemical reaction can affect mood and various aspects of mental health.
- Has a blood family with a history of mental illness. Certain genes can increase a person’s risk for mental illness. Its emergence can be triggered by the problem of life that may have previously experienced mental sufferers.
- Exposure to viruses, toxins, liquids, and drugs while in the womb may be linked to the cause of mental illness.
- In some cases, hormonal imbalances can affect mental health.
- Experiencing a traumatic event, such as having experienced rape or being a victim of a natural disaster.
- Using illegal drugs.
- Living a stressful life, such as financial difficulties, divorce, or sadness due to family members who died.
- Have chronic illness, such as cancer.
- Experiencing brain damage.
- Have little or no friends and feel alone.
- Never had a mental illness before.
The things above also become risk factors that can make a person more likely to suffer from mental illness. Find solutions as soon as possible if you or anyone around you experiences any of the above conditions to prevent his condition from degenerating to becoming a mental illness.
Then What Can Be Categorized as Sick?
There are many health conditions that can be categorized as mental illness. Each group can be divided into certain types of mental illness. Here are some conditions that often occur.
1. Anxiety disorders
Someone who has an anxiety disorder responds to a particular object or situation with a feeling of fear, panic, sweating, and the heartbeat becomes faster. This response can not be controlled and interferes with everyday life. Anxiety disorders can also be phobias of a particular situation, social anxiety disorder, or panic disorder.
2. Personality Disorder
Those who experience personality disorders generally have extreme and rigid characters that tend to be incompatible with social habits, such as antisocial or paranoid.
3. Affective / mood disorder
People who experience mood disorders can constantly feel sad, feel too excited at a certain period, or have feelings of pleasure and very sadly fluctuating. The most common forms of this condition include bipolar disorder, depression, and kiklomitik disorder in which the mood changes from pleasure to sad or vice versa significantly.
4. Impaired inability to control desire
People with this disorder can not resist the inner drive to do things that are actually harmful to themselves or others. Mental disorders that include this group include kleptomania (stealing small items), piromania (like to ignite the fire).
5. Mental disorders due to the use of psychoactive substances
Included in this group is addiction to alcohol and drugs.
6. Psychotic disorders
This disorder disrupts the human mind and consciousness. Hallucinations and delusions are the two most common forms of symptoms of this condition. People who experience hallucinations feel seeing or hearing sounds that are not real. While delusions are not true things trusted sufferers as true, such as delusion chase, where the patient feels followed someone. The best known example of psychotic disorder is schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia have a brain disorder that allows them to play hallucinations and delusions.
7. Dietary disorders
Sufferers experience changes in behavior, habits, and emotions associated with weight and food. The most common example of this disorder is anorexia nervosa in which the patient is unwilling to eat and has an abnormal fear of weight. Another example is bulimia nervosa in which the patient overeating then vomiting it deliberately. There is also a binge-eating condition or condition when a person is eating constantly in large quantities, but not accompanied by vomiting again.
8. Obsessive-compulsive disorder / obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
The mind of a person with OCD is constantly overwhelmed by a distracting fear or mind called obsessive. This condition makes them perform a repetitive ritual called compulsive. Examples are people who constantly wash their hands for fear of excessive germs.
9. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
PTSD is a mental disorder that occurs after a person experiences a frightening event such as the death of a loved one’s family member suddenly, sexual harassment, or natural disaster.
10. Stress response syndrome / adjustment disorder
That is when a person becomes emotional and changes behavior after being under stress, such as conditions of crisis, divorce, natural disasters, job loss.
11. Dissociative disruption
As a result of certain situations, such as trauma, people suffer severe disruption to identity, memory, and awareness of themselves and their environment.
12. Sexual and gender disorders
Disorders that affect sexual arousal and behavior, such as sexual dysfunction and gender identity disorder.
13. Somatoform disorders
Experiencing pain or pain in his limbs, although doctors do not find any medical disorders.
In addition to the above conditions, several other conditions, such as various types of Alzheimer’s dementia and sleep disorders are also classified as mentally ill as well as involving the brain.
The disease generally can not improve on its own or may even worsen if not treated promptly. In general, treatment will be adjusted to the severity, type, and cause of the disorder.
Drugs that can be used include antipsychotic medications, antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and anticemas. Usually the person will undergo psychotherapy sessions or speech therapy, brain stimulation to deal with mental disorders and depression, or psychiatric care in the future to be handled by a psychiatrist. In addition to professional care, family support and comfortable environmental conditions are the determining factors for healing people with mental illness in order to return to normal activities.