Prevention Of Influenza
Prevention Of Influenza – Some of the steps we can take to prevent the spread of influenza are:
- Maintain cleanliness.
- Always wash hands, eg before meals or after traveling.
- Closes mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing.
- Wear a mask on the go (especially for users of public transport) or when around flu sufferers.
- Ensure the body receives adequate and balanced intake of vitamins and nutrients.
- Enough rest.
- Exercise regularly.
- Maintain fluid intake.
Influenza vaccine given in Indonesia is influenza vaccine type A and type B. This influenza vaccine contains inactivated virus and given by injection to muscle (intramuscular). Provision of this vaccine is recommended for:
- All people aged 65 years or older.
- Children and adults with chronic diseases such as asthma, diabetes, kidney disease, and children with weak immune system.
- People who are often exposed to influenza viruses, such as health workers, people who live in the house with patients, as well as caregivers children aged 6-23 months.
- Influenza immunization is also given to healthy children aged 6-23 months.
Vaccination in children can be done since they are six months old with the frequency of repetition once every year. In children and adults with low immunity, administration is given only twice with a month interval from the first vaccine.
Although influenza vaccine is recommended for almost everyone, there are certain conditions that are not recommended to receive influenza vaccine, including:
- People who have severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) on previous vaccine administration.
- People who after eating eggs experience swelling of the lips or tongue, or have a breath or fainting distress.
- Someone who is having a high fever.
Side effects of influenza vaccine include fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, and headaches. While rare side effects are sneezing, shortness of breath, ear pain, and itching.