Ovarian Cysts Diagnosis in Humans
Ovarian cysts diagnosis is often undetectable because most do not cause symptoms. But if there is any indication of an ovarian cyst, you will be referred to a gynecologist for further examination. Before undergoing ultrasound and specific blood tests, the doctor will examine the sex organs and around the lower abdomen for the presence of cysts.
After a physical examination, an ultrasound will be performed to ensure the presence, location, and size of the cyst. In addition, the liquid cyst content can also be seen through ultrasound. If the detected cyst contains more solids than the liquid, a blood test will be recommended. Ultrasound can be performed on the abdomen or can be inserted into the vagina for a clearer picture.
The recommended blood test is to measure CA125 protein. If CA125 levels are low, it is unlikely that patients will suffer from ovarian cancer. However, patients are still advised to conduct a series of other tests if there are other symptoms that indicate a malignancy. If CA125 is high, it is probable that the patient has ovarian cancer. However, this increase in protein can also be caused by diseases other than ovarian cancer such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and uterine fibrosis.
Doctors can also do laparoscopy to diagnose ovarian cysts. In this action, a medical instrument will be inserted into the patient’s abdomen, so that the doctor can check the ovaries.