Ovarian Cancer Treatment
Treatment of ovarian cancer may vary in each case, determined by the stage of cancer, health condition, and the desire of the patient to have offspring. The main treatment of ovarian cancer is through surgery and chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
- Operation the surgical procedure usually involves removal of both ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and omentum (fatty tissue in the abdomen). This operation can also involve removal of lymph nodes in the pelvis and abdominal cavity to prevent and find out if there is spread of cancer. With the removal of both ovaries and uterus, sufferers can no longer have offspring.Yet another case with ovarian cancer is detected at an early stage. Sufferers may only undergo surgical removal of one ovary and fallopian tube so the possibility to have a descendant still exists.
- Chemotherapy can be scheduled after surgery. This is done to kill the remaining cancer cells. During the course of chemotherapy, the doctor will monitor the patient’s progress regularly to ensure the effectiveness of the drug and the body’s response to the drug.Chemotherapy may also be given before surgery in patients with advanced ovarian cancer, with the aim of shrinking the tumor to facilitate the lifting procedure.Each treatment is at risk for side effects, as well as chemotherapy. Some of the side effects that may occur after chemotherapy process include no appetite, nausea, vomiting, weakness, hair loss, and increased risk of infection.
- Radiotherapy. In addition to surgery and chemotherapy, radiotherapy is another action that can be an alternative. In radiotherapy, cancer cells are killed by radiation from X-rays.Just like chemotherapy, radiotherapy can be given either after or before surgery. Side effects are also similar to chemotherapy, especially the occurrence of hair loss.