Miliara Crystalline, Rubra, Pustulose and Profunda
Miliara Crystalline, Rubra, Pustulose and Profunda – Miliaria is a small, red and prominent rash that feels itchy, and can cause a stinging or sore sensation in the skin. The disorder is also known by the name of this hot rash not only occurs in infants, but adults can also experience it when the weather is hot or in a humid environment.
Miliaria usually appears several days after a person is exposed to hot temperatures. This condition can appear in all parts of the body, but often appears on the face, neck, back, chest, and thighs.
Symptoms of miliaria
The location of the appearance of rashes in adults and infants is generally different. In infants, the miliarius usually appears on the neck, and sometimes in the armpit, elbow, and groin. In adults, miliaria will appear in folds of skin that rub against clothing.
Type of miliaria
There are several types of miliaria according to their severity. Signs and symptoms that appear also vary on each type. The following are the types that are known:
- Miliaria crystalline. It is the miliary type that is the lightest and affects only the sweat ducts from the top skin layers. This condition can be marked by the appearance of nodules filled with clear liquid that is easily broken. Miliaria crystalline is more likely to occur in infants than in adults. This type of miliary usually does not itch and does not hurt.
- Miliaria rubra. This type of miliaria appears in the deeper layers of the skin and usually occurs in hot or humid regions. Symptoms of this condition is an itchy and stinging sensation with the appearance of a red nodule. The skin will experience inflammation and pain due to sweat that can not get out of the skin surface.
- Millions of pustulose. This is the development of miliaria rubra in which the nodules are inflamed and contain pus.
- Miliaria profunda. It is the most rare type of miliary, and affects the deeper dermis or skin layer. This type of miliary can be chronic and often relapse. This condition is more likely to occur in adults after a physical activity that produces a lot of sweat. The visible signs of the deep muzzle are the larger, louder red nodules.
Miliaria is generally not a condition that requires special treatment. This condition can usually recover by itself by cooling the skin and avoiding heat. However, see your doctor immediately if the rash is getting worse, the symptoms that occur last long enough, or you see any signs of infection, such as:
- Fever and chills.
- The pain is growing.
- Pineapple out of the nodule and lump rash.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the armpits and groin.
Causes and Risk Factors for Miliaria
Miliaria is caused by sweat trapped behind the skin and can not evaporate due to the obstructed body sweat glands. As a result, the skin becomes inflamed and rashes develop. Here are some factors that can inhibit the sweat glands in the body:
- Tropical climate. The appearance of prickly heat can be caused by the weather or the temperature of a hot and humid environment.
- Overheating, for example, by using clothes that are too thick or sleeping with an excessive blanket.
- Physical activity. Exercise or work that requires severe physical activity to cause a lot of sweat can also cause miliaria.
- Sweat glands are not yet developed. Miliaria cases are more likely to occur in infants, especially in infants warmed by incubators, wear hot clothes, or have fever. Babies do not have sweat glands that are fully developed and can sometimes make sweat stuck behind the skin.
- (Bed rest) is too long. The risk of experiencing prickly heat is also high in patients who are required to rest in bed for a long time.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Miliaria
Miliaria can be identified from the appearance of a red rash on the skin layer. As mentioned above, this condition generally does not require medical help. Although miliaria is not a serious condition, it would not hurt to be overcome as soon as possible. This condition can be handled alone at home with simple steps, such as the following:
- Avoiding excess heat and a heat resistant spot will make you sweat more and make your rash worse.
- It is advisable to take frequent shelters or find a cool place to escape the heat. In addition, drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
- Keep skin cool. To reduce sweat and keep skin cool, soak or bath can help make the body feel cool and avoid excessive sweating.
- Wear loose clothes. Avoid using clothing made of synthetic fibers, such as polyester or These materials are more absorbing heat and make you sweat more.
- Eating tablets An antihistamine drug is useful to relieve itching of the skin. However, be sure to ask your doctor first whether this medicine is suitable for your health condition.
- Using hydrocortisone cream. This cream is very effective to overcome the skin that has itching and irritation. But do not use on the face and always follow the instructions listed on the packaging
- Wear calamine lotion. This lotion can help relieve skin itching, sore or irritated.
Prevention of miliaria
There are several steps that can be taken to prevent Miliaria, namely:
- Try to keep the body from overheating, especially in summer.
- Use soap that does not make skin dry and does not contain perfume.
- Do not use lotions or creams that can clog the skin pores.
- Avoid wearing tight clothing that can cause difficulty breathing the skin.