Mental Health Meaning in Medical
Mental health meaning is a condition when our mind is in a state of tranquility and calm, allowing us to enjoy daily life and appreciate others around.
A person with a healthy mind can use his or her potential to maximally face life challenges, and establish positive relationships with others.
Conversely, people whose mental health is disturbed will experience mood disorders, thinking skills, and emotional control that can ultimately lead to bad behavior.
Mental illness can cause problems in everyday life, not only can damage interaction or relationships with others, but also can decrease achievement in school and work productivity.
There are several types of mental health problems and the following are the three most common types of conditions.
Stress is a state when a person experiences very heavy pressures, both emotionally and mentally.
Someone who is stressed will usually look nervous, anxious, and irritable. Stress can also interfere with concentration, reduce motivation, and in certain cases, trigger depression.
Stress not only affects the psychology of the sufferer, but it can also affect the way they behave and their physical health.
The following is an example of the impact of stress on a person’s behavior:
- Being loners and reluctant to interact with others.
- Reluctant to eat or eat excessively.
- Angry, and sometimes it is difficult to control.
- Being a smoker or smoking excessively.
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Misuse of narcotic drugs.
The following are health problems that can arise from stress:
- Sleep disturbance
- Stomach ache
- Chest pain
- Pain or tension in the muscles
- Decreased sexual arousal
- Heart disorders
Many factors can cause a person to experience stress, some of which are financial problems, social relationships, or job demands. To deal with stress, the key is to identify the root of the problem and find a solution.
Stress management can also be done by applying the advice suggested in good stress management, such as:
- Learning to accept a problem that is difficult to overcome or things that can not be changed.
- Always think positive and see that everything that happens in life is a blessing.
- Ask for advice from trusted people to solve the problem that is being experienced.
Learn to control yourself and always be active in finding solutions.
- Perform physical activity, meditation, or relaxation techniques to ease emotional tension and clear the mind.
- Doing challenging and other challenging new things to increase confidence.
- Set aside time to do the things you love.
- Engage in social activities to help others. This method can make a person more resilient in the face of problems, especially if it can help someone who has more severe problems than he experienced.
- Avoiding negative ways to relieve stress, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, or using drugs.
- Working with quality rather than quantity, so that time management is better and life is also more balanced.
Anxiety disorders are psychological conditions when a person experiences excessive anxiety constantly and difficult to control, thus adversely affecting his or her daily life.
For some normal people, anxiety usually arises in a particular event, such as when they will face a test at school or job interview. But in people with anxiety disorders, this anxiety often arises in every situation. That’s why people who experience this condition will be difficult to feel relaxed from time to time.
In addition to excessive anxiety or fear, other psychological symptoms that can arise in people with anxiety disorders are reduced confidence, become irritable, stressful, difficult to concentrate, and become a loner.
Meanwhile, the physical symptoms that may accompany the problem of anxiety disorders include:
- Hard to sleep
- Body shaking
- Excessive sweating
- Muscles become tense
- Heart beat
- Hard to breathe
- Stomach or headache
- The mouth is dry
Although the cause of anxiety disorder is not known for certain, several factors are thought to trigger the emergence of the condition. Among these are trauma due to intimidation, harassment, and violence in the external or family environment.
Other risk factors include prolonged stress, inherited genes from the elderly, and a serotonin and noradrenaline hormone imbalance in the brain that controls mood. Anxiety disorders can also be triggered by abuse of alcohol and drugs.
In fact, anxiety disorders can be overcome without the help of a doctor through several ways, such as eating high nutritious foods, getting enough sleep, reducing caffeine intake, alcoholic beverages, or other sedatives, not smoking, regular exercise, and performing simple relaxation methods, such as yoga or meditation.
If self-medication does not provide any changes, it is advisable to consult a physician. Treatment of a doctor usually involves the administration of antianxiety medicines as well as cognitive therapy.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes the sufferer to constantly feel sad. In contrast to the usual sadness that lasts for several days, the sadness of depression can last for weeks or months.
In addition to affecting feelings or emotions, depression can also cause physical problems, change the way of thinking, and change the way people behave. Not infrequently people with depression difficult to live daily activities normally. Even in certain cases, they can hurt themselves and try to kill themselves.
The following are some of the psychological symptoms of a depressed person:
- Loss of interest or motivation to do something.
- Constantly sad, even crying constantly.
- Feeling very guilty and worried excessively.
- Can not enjoy life because of loss of confidence.
- Difficult decision making and irritability.
- Not indifferent to others.
- Have thoughts to hurt yourself or commit suicide.
The following are the possible effects of depression on physical health:
- Sleep disturbance and body feels weak.
- Talking or moving becomes slower.
- Changes in the menstrual cycle in women.
- Libido down and appear constipation.
- Appetite decreased or increased dramatically.
- Feeling pain or pain without cause.
There are various things that can trigger the occurrence of depression, ranging from stressful life events, the loss of a loved one, feeling lonely, to have a fragile personality to depression.
In addition, depression experienced by a person can also be caused by suffering from severe and prolonged illnesses, such as cancer and heart problems, severe head injuries, the effects of excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs, to the consequences of genetic factors in the family.
It is advisable to consult a doctor if you feel symptoms of depression for more than two weeks and do not subsist. Moreover, if the symptoms of depression to interfere with the process of education, employment, and social relations,
Treatment of depression by the doctor will be adjusted to the severity of depression suffered by each patient. Forms of treatment may include consultation therapy, administration of antidepressants, or a combination of both.