Lyme Disease Definition In Medical
Lyme Disease definition is a disease caused by bacterial infection of Borrelia burgdorferi. This contagious disease can spread through tick bites.
Treatment as effectively and as soon as possible will ensure a faster healing process. If left alone, the symptoms of Lyme disease will develop progressively severe and prolonged.
Symptoms and Complications of Lyme Disease
This disease has a variety of symptoms of lyme disease that appear gradually. Initially, red spots will appear on the part bitten by the tick. However, you do not necessarily get Lyme disease right away if you experience this. There are other indications that indicate the transmission of Lyme disease. These signs generally appear within four weeks and include:
- Rash on the bitten skin and usually does not hurt or itch. The shape of the rash will widen like a ring with a red circle in the middle. Looks like a bull’s eye. This rash will appear on three days to a month after the bite.
If you experience any of these symptoms, get to the doctor immediately to get treatment as soon as possible. Although further symptoms are gone, you are still advised to see a doctor. Symptoms that do not mean lyme disease that you suffered has healed.
If left unchecked, Lyme disease can trigger more serious symptoms that appear months or even years later. Examples of possible indications are:
- Disorders of the nervous system, such as paralyzed facial muscles or numb hands.
- Pain and swelling of joints that can move to other joints.
- Inflammation of the protective membrane of the brain or meningitis.
- Heart problems and inflammation of the eyes and liver.
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme disease is generally difficult to diagnose because its symptoms tend to be similar to other diseases. The easiest way to find out if you have the disease or not is through a skin rash examination of the unique shape. The doctor may ask for a history of bitten animals, although many people can not remember being bitten by an animal.
If the patient can not remember being bitten by an animal and the rash is not really unique, the doctor will recommend that you undergo a blood test to confirm the diagnosis. This examination will be conducted periodically for approximately one month since the estimated transmission. In a blood test procedure, your doctor will check for the presence and levels of antibodies against Lyme disease in your blood. The results only prove that the patient had been infected with this bacteria without knowing whether the infection is still active or not.
Patients with impaired nervous system should also be examined for spinal fluid. The goal is the same to detect inflammation in the brain or central nervous system and levels of antibodies against these bacteria.
Treatment of Lyme Disease
The main treatment step for Lyme disease is with antibiotics. Duration of antibiotic use will generally take about two weeks to a month. The difference in duration in each patient depends on the severity of the infection experienced by the patient. Antibiotics should be used in accordance with the duration recommended by doctors to keep bacteria in your body completely destroyed.
After treatment is complete, symptoms such as stiffness and fatigue may still be experienced by the patient. Some experts suspect that this is triggered by an active immune system response to fight against Lyme disease-causing bacteria.
Prevention of Lyme Disease
The process of prevention of this disease can be done with simple steps. The most effective way is to avoid the places that may be the habitat of Lyme disease-spreading lice, such as shrubs or grasses. There are also other simple steps we can do, such as:
- Always keep your family clean, especially after traveling.
- Wear covered clothes, especially when outdoors.
- Use an insecticide lotion.
- Always check your pets to get rid of fleas.