Lung Cancer Definition By Medical
Lung cancer definition is a condition in which cells grow uncontrollably inside the lungs (the organ that serves to spread oxygen into the blood when breathing in and exhaling carbon dioxide when sighing). Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer.
However, lung cancer is one of the most preventable cancers. This condition is mostly suffered by active and passive smokers. In the early stages, there are no obvious signs or symptoms of lung cancer. But then symptoms such as a sustained cough to coughing up blood, always feeling out of breath, exhaustion without reason, and weight loss will appear.
Patients with Lung Cancer in Indonesia
Based on WHO data, lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting Indonesian men. Based on data Globocan or International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2012, in Indonesia there are 25,322 cases of lung cancer that befell men and 9,374 cases that befell women.
The results of the study at 100 hospitals in Jakarta showed that lung cancer is the most cancer cases in men, and the number four most in women. The incidence of lung cancer is quite low at the age of under 40 years, and increasing until age 70 years.
Types of Lung Cancer Existing
There are two types of primary lung cancer based on cell type, namely small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Non-small cell lung cancer is four times more likely than small cell lung cancer.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) usually affects only heavy smokers and spreads faster than non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
People at Risk of Lung Cancer
Smoking can be said to be the main cause of lung cancer. People most at risk for lung cancer are active smokers. About 85 percent of lung cancers are associated with smoking habits. Even so, it does not mean every smoker will get lung cancer. In addition, people who do not smoke are also likely to develop lung cancer, although lower in number.
In addition to cigarettes, some other causes of lung cancer are inhaling arsenic, radiation, and air pollution. Lung cancer is also more common in elderly people.
Treatment In Lung Cancer
There are several factors that influence the method of treatment and treatment performed to overcome lung cancer are:
- How severe the spread of cancer.
- Patient health condition.
- The type of cancer suffered.
Cancer removal surgery can be done if cancer cells have not spread widely to other parts of the body. If health conditions do not allow for surgical removal, other treatments may be applied. The process of destruction of cancer cells by way of radiotherapy can be run.
Lung cancer generally does not cause symptoms before the cancer cells spread to large parts of the lungs or to other body parts. Healing depends on the spread of cancer and when the diagnosis of cancer is known. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the likelihood of successful treatment also becomes higher.