What is Lipoma Disease?
Lipoma disease is a fat lump that grows slowly between the skin and the muscle layer. Lipoma can move or shift if pressed with the finger slowly and feels soft. When pressed, lipoma usually do not cause pain. This condition is more often experienced by middle-aged people.
Lipoma disease does not require serious treatment because it is usually harmless and not cancerous. However, surgical removal of lipoma can be done if the lipoma suffered grows and began to cause pain. Some patients have more than one lipoma.
Symptoms of Lipoma Disease
Lipoma disease can appear in any part of the body, but generally appear in the back area, thighs, neck, arms, abdomen, or shoulders. Here are some symptoms or signs of the appearance of lipoma:
- Lipoma usually have a diameter of 1-3 cm. Lipoma can grow and become larger, but generally not more than 5 cm in diameter.
- If pressed using a finger, the lipoma will move easily, and feels soft as rubber.
- If the lipoma grows larger and contains more blood vessels or compresses the surrounding nerves, the lipoma will hurt.
- If it persists for several years, the size of the lipoma will not change and its growth is very slow.
Causes of Lipoma Disease
The exact cause of lipoma disease is unknown, but there are several factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing lipoma, namely:
- Genetics or heredity.
- Age. Although lipoma can affect people at any age, this condition is more common in people aged between 40-60 years, and rarely afflicts children.
- Suffer a certain condition, for example suffering from Cowden syndrome, Gardner’s syndrome, or adiposis dolorosa.
Lipoma Disease Diagnosis
Lipoma disease can be diagnosed by physical examination and tissue sampling for laboratory investigation (biopsy). To distinguish between lipoma lumps and cyst bumps, your doctor may suggest ultrasound examination.
If the resulting lipoma has an unusual, large-sized, deep-seated form of fatty tissue, a CT or MRI scan scan is likely to be performed to get a clearer picture.
If the lipoma grows quickly, it hurts and does not move under the skin, it is possible that it is liposarcoma or a malignant tumor that grows in fatty tissue. In order to avoid a greater risk, you should immediately contact your doctor for examination.
Handling Lipoma disease
Lipoma disease often does not require special treatment because it will disappear by itself as time passes. However, there are some handling steps that can be done if the lipoma cause discomfort, pain or disruption, and continue to grow.
You can do liposuction to get rid of fat clots in the lipoma. Another treatment option is to inject steroids to shrink the lipoma. But this way usually can not eliminate lipoma in total.
The last and most widely performed way is through surgical removal of the lipoma. Usually lipoma disease will not grow back after lifting, but can cause side effects such as bruises and scars.