Irritable Bowel Syndrome Definition By Medical
Irritable bowel syndrome definition is one type of disorder of the digestive system. This chronic disease will attack the colon and may disappear for years or even a lifetime.
Conditions that attack the large intestine include a common disease. Most people with IBS begin experiencing it from the age of 20 to 30 years. Attacks usually occur for several days, or even months, after being triggered by a particular stress or food situation.
Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Indications of IBS may vary with each patient. Some of the symptoms that may be experienced by people in general are:
- Cramps and abdominal pain. These symptoms may be reduced after bowel movements.
- Abdominal bloating and swelling.
- Frequent waste of wind.
- Stool contains mucus.
- Constipation or diarrhea. These symptoms can be experienced alternately by the patient.
- Suddenly felt like having a bowel movement.
- The bowel movement was incomplete.
- Back pain.
- Urinary tract disorders, for example, often awaken to urinate at night.
These symptoms sometimes seem to be reduced for a while after the person has defecated. As time passes, symptoms may decrease but not disappear altogether.
The severity of symptoms experienced by patients is generally not severe. But still must watch out, especially those that do not go away, lose weight without a clear cause, bleeding in the anus, or abdominal pain that feels at night and worsens. Immediately consult your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
Causes and Triggers of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
The cause of IBS remains unknown. However, there are several factors that are suspected to cause this condition. These trigger factors include:
- Impaired digestive system. For example, the digestive system can not absorb water from digested food. As a result trigger diarrhea or constipation that occurs due to too much water is absorbed. Suspected signals originating from the brain or to the brain disrupted, so the intestinal work is also not normal.
- Psychological effects, such as stress or anxiety. Psychological conditions are thought to affect one’s digestive system.
- Type of food. Several types of food and beverages are also thought to potentially trigger IBS, such as liquor, chocolate, soft drinks, fatty foods, fried foods, and caffeinated beverages.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Diagnosis of this disease is generally done by the doctor simply by asking and checking the symptoms experienced by the patient. However, doctors may also recommend a number of further tests to eliminate the possibility of other diseases. Among these are blood tests and stool sample examination.
Once you are positively diagnosed with IBS, the doctor suggests several ways to treat it. Such handling measures generally include:
- Formulate a diet appropriate to the condition of IBS experienced, especially avoid foods and beverages that can trigger IBS and drink lots of fluids. This is an important step in dealing with IBS.
- Regulates fiber consumption. For example, reducing the consumption of insoluble fibers (fibers that are not easily digested) during diarrhea or increase soluble fiber and fluids when constipated.
- Routine exercise, at least 2.5 hours a week. Exercise aerobic equivalent of moderate intensity, brisk walking, or cycling.
- Reduce stress levels, for example with yoga and meditation.
- Eating probiotics, a supplement that can help nourish the digestive system by restoring normal bacterial balance in the gut naturally.
- Use of drugs. The type of drug given depends on the patient’s symptoms. Examples are antidiarrheal drugs to reduce overactive bowel movements, antispasmodics to reduce cramps and abdominal pain, laxatives to treat constipation, as well as antidepressants (usually given in low doses).
- Underwent psychological therapy, if IBS symptoms persist after 12 months of treatment. For example psychotherapy or hypnotherapy.