What is Insomnia Disorder?
Insomnia disorder is a condition when a person has trouble sleeping or can not sleep long enough in accordance with the time it takes the body even though he has a chance to do so. This causes the physical condition of insomniacs to be not fit enough to perform the activity the next day.
Sleep is an unconscious state that occurs naturally to allow your body to rest. During sleep, the body will go through a cycle that alternates between rapid eye movement (Rapid Eye Movement / REM) and non-Rapid Eye Movement (non-REM) sleep. You may be going through four or five sleep cycles in one night. One sleep cycle lasts approximately 90 minutes. Beginning with 4 stages of non-REM sleep consisting of light sleep to deep sleep. Then proceed with REM sleep where in this stage of the dream process occurs.
A study concluded that the number of cases of insomnia disorder in developing countries including Indonesia reached 150 million cases in 2010. The same study states that among the eight countries studied, Indonesia had few insomnia disorder cases, ie 3.9 percent for men, and 4.6 percent for woman.
Symptoms of insomnia disorder
It is difficult to determine the size of normal sleep because the needs of sleep vary for each person. It is influenced by age, lifestyle, environment, and diet. The most common symptoms of insomnia disorder include:
- Wake up at night or early morning and can not sleep back.
- Feeling tired, grumpy, difficulty concentrating, and unable to perform activities well in the afternoon.
- Can not nap even tired body.
Causes of insomnia disorder
There are several factors that cause insomnia disorder that ultimately lead to the condition of difficulty sleeping in a long period of time. Starting from the consequences of lifestyle and room comfort issues, until due to psychological disorders, physical health problems, and side effects of drugs.
Diagnosis of insomnia disorder
There are several things that may be asked by doctors as an attempt to diagnose insomnia disorder, including:
- Your sleep routine
- Bad lifestyle, such as the habit of consuming coffee or liquor is excessive
- Serve your sport
- Health history (a disease you may suffer)
- Drugs you may consume
In addition, your doctor will also ask you to make a sleep diary for at least two weeks. This step can help your doctor understand sleep patterns and measure the severity of your insomnia disorder.
Some of the information you should include in a sleep diary usually includes the time it takes to get sleep, what time do you start to sleep, how many times you wake up at night, and what time you wake up. Complete information will help your doctor handle your insomnia disorder appropriately.
Treatment of insomnia disorder
In treating insomnia disorder, the first thing a doctor does is find out what causes. If insomnia disorder is based on certain unhealthy habits or lifestyle, then the doctor will advise the patient to correct it. If insomnia disorder is caused by a health problem (eg anxiety disorder), then the doctor will first overcome the underlying condition of the anxiety.
In some cases of insomnia disorder, doctors will advise patients undergoing cognitive behavioral therapy. This therapy can help patients change the behavior and mindset that affect their sleep.
If necessary, doctors can prescribe sleeping pills for some time. Sleep medicine is a temporary solution only. Handling symptoms of insomnia disorder without finding a solution to the root cause, rarely succeeds fully.
A good time to see a doctor
Should see your doctor if you have trouble sleeping or difficult to maintain sleep, especially if it affects your daily life.
Fatigue due to insomnia disorder can affect your mood and create problems in your relationship with the closest people and co-workers.