Impetigo Meaning By Medical
Impetigo meaning is a bacterial infection of the skin, in the form of blisters or patches of open wounds on the skin, which then leads to a yellow or brown crust. This disease can be contagious because of direct contact between the skin with the skin or with intermediate items, such as towels, clothes, or tableware that have been contaminated with bacteria.
Impetigo is more common in children than adults. The high physical interaction with peers in the school or playground makes children more often victims of impetigo.
Based on the symptoms, impetigo is divided into two, namely:
- Bullous impetigo, characterized by blistered and fluid-filled skin. The appearance of bullous impetigo is usually also accompanied by fever and swollen lymph nodes.
- Impetigo nonbulosa, characterized by the appearance of red spots, such as wounds that leave a yellowish brownish crust. Although not blistered, nonbulbous impetigo is more contagious than bullous impetigo.
Symptoms of Impetigo
Symptoms of impetigo do not appear immediately after the patient is infected. The symptoms are usually only seen after 4-10 days of exposure to bacteria. Non-bipolar impetigo is more common than bullous impetigo. To prevent the spread of infection, it is recommended not to touch the infected skin area.
A bullous impetigo infection usually appears in the middle of the body between the waist and the neck or arms and legs. While non-bone impetigo infections commonly occur around the mouth and nose, but can spread to other parts of the body through the intermediary of fingers, towels, or clothes that have been exposed to bacteria.
The following is the development of symptoms of bullous impetigo:
- The skin is blistered and contains 1-2 centimeters of fluid that is sore and makes the skin around it itch.
- Blistered skin, in a short time can spread and then rupture within a few days.
- Blisters of blistered skin then leave a yellow crust.
- Once healed, the yellow crust disappears without leaving a trace altogether.
The following is the development of symptoms of nonbacterial impetigo:
- The appearance of red spots resembles painless wounds, but itching.
- Spots can spread rapidly when touched or carded, then changed to a brownish crust.
- After the crust is about 2 centimeters in size this is dry, the remaining is a reddish color.
- This reddish trace can heal without a trace within a few days or weeks.
Causes of Impetigo
The main cause of impetigo is the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. Transmission of these bacteria can occur through direct physical contact with the patient or through an intermediary, such as clothes, towels, napkins, and so on that previously used the patient.
Bacteria will more easily infect someone who has a wound, such as a wound from an insect bite, a fall, or a sharp cut. It could also be due to injuries inflicted by other skin infections, such as eczema, scabies, or flea infections.
Other factors that can increase the risk of transmission of impetigo include:
- Perform activities that are vulnerable to skin contact, such as martial arts, basketball, or soccer.
- Dense environment. Bacterial impetigo diseases are more easily transmitted in a crowded environment where the intensity of interaction of people is high.
- Childhood age. Impetigo is more common in children aged 2-5 years, where their immune system has not formed perfectly.
- The temperature is moist and warm. The bacteria that cause impetigo are easier to breed in humid and warm places.
- Weak immune system Tubu Weak immune system will make a person susceptible to bacteria.
- Have diabetes. The injury suffered by diabetics will facilitate the impetigo bacteria to enter and infect the skin.
- Have an open wound on the skin. The germs that cause impetigo can enter through small cuts on the skin surface, such as insect bites or skin rashes.
Diagnosis of Impetigo
To confirm the diagnosis of impetigo, doctors will only see visible signs on the infected skin. Laboratory tests are usually performed only if the symptoms of impetigo continue to worsen despite medication to determine if the bacteria have been resistant to antibiotics. In addition, laboratory tests may also be undertaken if the doctor suspects another diagnosis that provides a similar skin lesion, eg herpes.
Treatment of Impetigo
Most cases of impetigo can heal by themselves within a period of one to three weeks without treatment. If necessary, impetigo can be treated with antibiotics, either antibiotics or drinking antibiotics.
Antibiotic rubbing is used if the infection is mild, located in one area, and has not spread anywhere. While drinking antibiotics are used if symptoms of impetigo can not be treated with a topical antibiotic, the condition is getting worse, and spread to other parts.
Usually side effects of antibiotic use smear occurs around the area of skin smeared, for example, itching, skin becomes reddish, and irritation. While the side effects that can occur after taking antibiotics to drink are diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.
If treatment with antibiotics has no effect, the doctor will examine infected skin samples in the laboratory to see if there is any possibility of an infection of the disease other than impetigo. Laboratory tests also need to be done if impetigo often recurs.
Usually impetigo relapse because there are still bacteria nesting in certain areas, such as the nose, so easy to infect the surrounding areas that happened to be injured. If proven true, then the bacteria must be eradicated with a special antiseptic drug that can be used on the nose.
Complications of Impetigo
If not treated properly, impetigo can lead to complications including:
- Cellulitis, a bacterial infection that occurs in the deep skin layer.
- Glomerulonephritis, infection in small blood vessels in the kidneys.
- Septicemia, a bacterial infection that occurs in the blood.
- Guttate psoriasis, this condition often occurs after a skin infection.
- Scarlet fever, a rare fever accompanied by a red rash all over the body.
- Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS), a skin infection that makes skin look blister like a scalded water.
- Elderly disease, occurs when the infection spreads further into the skin layer and can leave a permanent scar.
Prevention of Impetigo
Transmission of impetigo can be prevented in several ways, including:
- Avoid physical touch with sufferers. Physical touch directly with the sufferer or sharing the use of goods with them, such as towels, clothes, mattresses, or cutlery.
- Always keep skin clean. Maintaining skin hygiene reduces the risk of transmission of impetigo, especially those with open sores, such as sharp cuts, scratches, or even other skin lesions, such as eczema.
- Cleaning stuff. After use, it’s good things washed clean so that bacteria die. This can reduce the risk of transmission of impetigo diseases.
- Do not touch the wound. Avoid contact with injuries or scabs due to impetigo, especially with scratching, to avoid the spread of bacteria through the hands.
- Rest. Do not engage in activities such as cooking, parenting, or cleaning the house until infection is fully restored. Expand rest for infection quickly disappear.
- Washing hands. Do not forget to always wash hands after finishing impetigo with a topical antibiotic and close the wound impetigo with gauze bandages.
- Avoid public areas. Avoid public places that are prone to bacterial transmission during impetigo or at least two days after treatment begins.