What is Hypertension Blood Pressure?
Hypertension Blood Pressure is a chronic condition in which blood pressure in artery walls (blood vessels clean) increases. This condition is known as a “silent killer” because it rarely has any obvious symptoms. The only way to know if you have hypertension is to measure blood pressure.
If you have not checked and do not know your blood pressure, ask your doctor to check it out. All adults should check their blood pressure at least once every five years. Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2013 showed that hypertensive patients aged over 18 years reached 25.8 percent of the total population of Indonesia. Of these figures, the female hypretent sufferers more 6 percent than men. While diagnosed by health personnel only reached about 9.4 percent. This means there are still many people with hypertension that is not affordable and diagnosed by health personnel and not undergoing treatment as directed by health personnel. It causes hypertension as one of the highest causes of death in Indonesia.
Risk of Hypertension
The cause of hypertension has not been ascertained in more than 90 percent of cases. As you get older, your chances of suffering from hypertension will also increase. The following are the trigger factors that are thought to affect the increased risk of hypertension.
- Being over 65 years old.
- Eat lots of salt.
- Have a family with hypertension.
- Less to eat fruits and vegetables.
- Rarely exercise.
- Drinking too much coffee (or other drinks containing caffeine).
- Too much alcohol.
The risk of developing hypertension can be reduced by changing the things above and adopt a healthier lifestyle. Regular blood pressure checks can also help diagnosis in the early stages. The diagnosis of hypertension as early as possible will increase the likelihood of lowering blood pressure to normal levels. This can be done by changing the lifestyle to be healthier without the need to take medication.
Measuring blood pressure
The power of blood in pressing the artery wall when pumped by the heart to the rest of the body determines the size of blood pressure. Pressure that is too high will burden your arteries and heart, so people with hypertension have the potential to have heart attacks, strokes, or kidney disease.
Measurement of blood pressure in mercury doses per millimeter (mmHG) and recorded in two numbers, namely systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart beats pumping blood out. While diastolic pressure is the blood pressure when the heart does not contract (relaxation phase). Currently the blood that has just pumped out the heart (systolic pressure), is in the arteries and diastolic pressure also shows the strength of artery walls to restrain blood flow rate.
Your blood pressure is 130 per 90 or 130/90 mmHg, meaning you have 130 mmHg systolic pressure and 90 mmHg diastolic pressure. Normal blood pressure levels are below 120/80 mmHg.
You will be deemed to have hypertension or high blood pressure if the result of multiple examinations, your blood pressure still reaches 140/90 mmHg or higher.
Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension
If your blood pressure is high, monitor it closely until it goes down and can be controlled properly. Doctors usually suggest changes in lifestyle that are included in the treatment for hypertension as well as prevention. These steps can be implemented through:
- Eat healthy foods.
- Reduce consumption of salt and caffeine.
- Quit smoking.
- Exercise regularly.
- Lose weight, if needed.
- Reduce alcohol consumption.
Preventing hypertension is easier and cheaper than treatment. Therefore, prevention should be done as early as possible. If ignored for too long, hypertension can trigger the occurrence of complications that can even be life threatening sufferers.