How to Treat Lung Cancer?
How to Treat Lung Cancer? Treatment lung cancer depends on the type, size, position of the cancer, and the stage of cancer suffered. The health of the patient is also influential in determining the treatment that can be undertaken.
Cancer removal surgery can be performed if the cancer is only on one side of the lung and has not spread. In addition, the health conditions of lung cancer patients need to be checked if possible for surgery. Cancer removal surgery will usually continue with chemotherapy to eliminate the remaining cancer cells.
For cancer that has spread, only radiotherapy and / or chemotherapy can be done. In addition, biological therapy is also available as an alternative to chemotherapy. Biological therapy aims to control and suppress the development of cancer.
Pneumonectomy is a surgical procedure of removal of one side of the lungs as a whole. Implementation of this procedure only if forced, for example because cancer cells are in the middle of one side of the lung or has spread to all parts of the lung.
Patients will still be able to breathe after the above operations. If a portion of the lung is removed, the rest of the remaining tissue will expand after a while. This will make breathing easier. It took several weeks to fully recover from lung surgery.
As with other operations, lung removal surgery may also lead to complications. Examples of complications of lung surgery include inflammation of the lungs, bleeding, and blood clots.
Radiotherapy uses radiation energy to kill cancer cells. Especially in postoperative conditions, this procedure can also be used to kill the remaining cancer cells. If surgery is not possible, radiotherapy is performed to relieve symptoms or pain and slow the rate of spread of cancer.
Possible side effects that can occur due to radiotherapy are as follows:
- Coughing up sputum with blood mixed.
- Pain in the chest.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
- The skin is reddened and feels sore. The fur plumes on the chest.
- Often feel tired.
Chemotherapy treatment is done regularly within a few weeks or months with interspersed breaks to recuperate. Handling procedures use drugs to kill cancer cells, slow the growth of cancer cells, and inhibit its spread.
Chemotherapy is also sometimes administered prior to surgery in order to make the cancer shrink and become easier to remove. In addition, chemotherapy can also be done postoperatively to kill the remaining cancer cells. Another function of chemotherapy is to relieve pain and reduce the symptoms of cancer.
Side effects that will arise due to chemotherapy include physical fatigue, nausea, vomiting, thrush, hair loss, and the appearance of ulcers on the abdomen. Chemotherapy can also make the body more vulnerable to infection.
Treatment steps that can be used to treat early-stage lung cancer in patients who refuse to perform surgery. In this therapy, a flat tube will be inserted into the location of the tumor. Then the laser beam will be fired through the tube to destroy the cancer cells.
This treatment step is an alternative to chemotherapy. This therapy uses drugs such as erlotinib and gefitinib which inhibit the growth of cancer cells. This therapy is usually recommended for those who have non-small cell lung cancer that has spread so difficult to be treated with radiotherapy or surgery.
This medical action can be done if the cancer has begun to clog the airways. Tool named kryoprobe will be placed on the tumor, then produce very cold temperature. The cold temperature will shrink the tumor.
This is a type of treatment to treat small cell lung cancer that can be diagnosed at an early stage. The doctor will use a CT Scanner to direct the needle to the tumor. After the needle pierces the tumor, the radio waves will be passed on the needle. The heat produced by radio waves will kill the cancer cells. A common complication after radiofrequency ablation is the appearance of an air bag trapped between the inner and outer layers of the lungs.