How to Treat Hyponatremia?
How to Treat Hyponatremia? When the sodium level in the extracellular fluid is lower than the normal limit, water will enter the cells to balance the condition. The movement of water from outside the cell into the cell will cause the cells to swell.
The swelling is then potentially leading to the emergence of symptoms of hyponatremia. Some of the symptoms commonly experienced by people suffering include:
- Nausea and Vomiting.
- Muscle cramps or muscle weakness.
- Limp and tired.
- Decreased levels of consciousness that can lead to coma and even death.
Please check with your doctor when experiencing the symptoms. Especially for those of you who suffer from certain diseases or health conditions that may trigger hyponatremia.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyponatremia
As with other diseases, the initial diagnosis of hyponatremia begins with physicians examining the physical condition, asking for symptoms, and your medical history and family history. However, this process alone is not enough to tell if you have hyponatremia or not. You will need more detailed examinations such as blood and urine tests.
Once you are positively diagnosed with hyponatremia, your doctor will recommend several treatment steps. The selected step is determined based on the severity of the hyponatremia you are experiencing and the causes behind it.
Mild hyponatremia seldom requires special treatment. This condition will be handled by improving diet, lifestyle, and adjust the drugs used (especially diuretic pills). Chronic middle-level hyponatremia can also be treated with similar measures.
While acute and severe hyponatremia generally require more serious treatment. These measures include intravenous administration of sodium fluids, and the consumption of medicines to treat perceived symptoms.