How to Treat Hypertension?
How to Treat Hypertension? Changes in lifestyle and consumption of anti-hypertensive drugs can be an effective step to reduce hypertension. High blood pressure and patient risk for cardiovascular disease (such as heart attack and stroke) will determine the type of treatment to be followed. Examples of conditions that may be considered in treatment include:
- If your blood pressure is very high (160/100 mmHg or more), care should be taken immediately.
- If your blood pressure reaches 140/90 mmHg or more and you are assessed to have a risk of cardiovascular disease within 10 years, you need to take medication and change your lifestyle to be healthier.
- If your blood pressure is slightly higher than 130/80 mmHg and has a low risk of cardiovascular disease, you can lower your blood pressure by simply changing your lifestyle.
Lifestyle changes to lower blood pressure can be seen in weeks. This step can be done in simple ways such as:
- Eat healthy, low fat, and balanced foods. For example, red rice, fruit, and vegetables.
- Reduce salt intake to less than a teaspoon per day.
- Actively exercising. Physically active is the most important thing you can do to prevent or control hypertension.
- Lose weight.
- Quit smoking. Smoking will increase your chances of suffering from heart and lung disease drastically.
- Avoid or reduce the consumption of liquor.
- Reduce consumption of caffeine-rich drinks, such as coffee, tea, or cola.
- Doing relaxation therapy, such as yoga or meditation to control stress.
High discipline in applying a healthy lifestyle will have a significant positive impact on your blood pressure. Some sufferers even become unnecessary to take medication because they successfully apply lifestyle changes to normalize blood pressure.
Use of Drugs
In some cases of hypertension, patients sometimes need to take life-long medication. However, if blood pressure has been under control for years, you may be able to stop treatment.
There are also some patients who should consume more than one drug. This combination is usually needed to treat hypertension that is more difficult to control. Some types of drugs that are generally given are:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
By making the walls of the blood vessels more relaxed, ACE inhibitor drugs – an angiotensin-converting enzyme – will lower blood pressure.
The side effect of this drug is a sustained dry cough. If these side effects are very disturbing, there are other drugs with the same function as the angiotensin-2 receptor antagonists that are likely to be suggested. Be sure to consult your doctor before taking any medication during your ACE inhibitor.
- Calcium channel blockers
In order for calcium not to enter the heart muscle cells and blood vessels, calcium channel blockers (calcium channel blockers) can be used. This medication will relax the arteries and lower blood pressure. The risk of side effects of calcium channel blockers will increase if you drink grapefruit juice while taking this drug.
Diuretics are also known as “water pills” which serve to remove the residual water and salt from the body through the urine.
The heart will beat more slowly and with less power if you take any type of beta-blockers (beta blockers), which will reduce blood pressure levels.
Always talk to your doctor before you stop taking beta-blockers. Malicious side effects can occur if consumption is stopped suddenly. Examples of side effects are increased blood pressure or angina attacks (sitting wind).
Alpha-blockers (alpha blockers) are used to relax the blood vessels so that blood flows more easily in the blood vessels. Common side effects include stun when first use, headache, dizziness, fatigue, and ankle swells.
Now beta-blockers and alpha-blockers are considered less effective than other drugs to treat hypertension. This type of drug is only used if other treatment methods do not show a positive impact.