How to Treat High Cholesterol?
If the diagnosis indicates that you have high cholesterol, your doctor will first advise you to change your diet, not smoking, and increase the frequency of exercise. This advice can also be applied in everyday life although in good health to help prevent high cholesterol.
Eating healthy foods with low saturated fat content can help lower bad cholesterol levels in the body. Try to avoid the consumption of foods containing high saturated fats, as listed below.
- Duck meat and skin
- Chicken skin
- Cow’s brain
- Coconut milk
- Cakes and biscuits
- Quail eggs
Overall, the average man should not consume saturated fat more than 30 grams per day. For women, saturated fat intake should not exceed 20 grams per day. How to know the saturated fat content you eat can be seen on the list of doses listed on the product packaging.
Most nutritionists believe that the fatty substances contained in avocados and tuna, mackerel and salmon oils are good for health. The substance is known as omega-3 fatty acids.
For people with high triglyceride levels, it is advisable to consume omega-3 fatty acids to decrease their triglyceride levels. Eating omega-3 nutrients, such as fish twice a week, is believed to be beneficial for those who have high levels of triglycerides in the blood. But do not consume excessive because of high levels of omega-3 in the body can trigger the occurrence of obesity.
Overcoming high cholesterol with drugs
If in a few months cholesterol does not go down, even if you’ve been practicing a healthy lifestyle, then the doctor can advise you to take cholesterol-lowering drugs.
There are several types of cholesterol-lowering drugs and each of these drugs works in different ways. To find out the medication that suits you, you should consult your doctor first. If you also have high blood pressure or hypertension, most likely your doctor will prescribe medication to lower it. Some of the cholesterol-lowering drugs that doctors prescribe are statins, aspirin, and ezetimibe.
Statins are useful for lowering cholesterol levels by blocking enzymes in the liver that are responsible for producing cholesterol. If prescribed by a doctor, usually the patient will take statins for a lifetime. Because if statins are not given, then cholesterol levels can go back up and can increase the risk of other related diseases, such as heart attacks.
Some types of statin drugs that doctors can recommend are simvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin. But there are some people who are intolerant of statins and experience side effects when taking them. Common side effects include abdominal disturbances and muscle aches.
In addition to statins, the administration of low-dose aspirin may be recommended by doctors as well. Low doses of aspirin can also prevent the formation of blood clots. Aspirin generally should not be consumed by children under the age of 16.
For people with high cholesterol who can not take statins because of side effects, are taking other drugs whose performance may be impaired, or have a disease that can get worse if using statins, then the doctor may prescribe ezetimibe. These drugs can also be combined with statins if the use of statins alone is not enough to successfully lower cholesterol levels. Ezetimibe works by preventing the absorption of cholesterol in the intestines from food. Ezetimibe is usually not as effective as statins, but the side effects are smaller.
Patients can consume ezetimibe and statins simultaneously if their high cholesterol levels are not enough to be lowered only by statins. Side effects arising from this combination are generally the same as those that appear on the use of statins alone, namely abdominal disturbances or muscle pain.
Lowering triglyceride with medication
Niacin is usually given to those who have high triglyceride levels. Niacin is a B vitamin found in foods and multivitamin supplements. In high doses administered through prescription, niacin is able to lower triglycerides and increase good cholesterol or HDL levels.
But the use of high doses can also lead to side effects of skin become redness. These side effects can also be reduced by avoiding spicy food consumption.
Niacin usually will not be given to those who are experiencing abdominal pain, heartburn, digestive disorders, or those at risk of experiencing these conditions. Users of niacin will usually be advised to undergo regular blood tests to ensure that their liver is functioning properly.
In addition to niacin, fibrate group medications can also be given to lower excessive triglyceride levels in the blood. This drug works by lowering the production of cholesterol type VLDL (very-low-density lipoprotein). This type of cholesterol mostly contains triglycerides.
In addition, as mentioned above, most nutrition experts believe that omega-3s may help to overcome high triglycerides. Apart from food, omega-3 supplementation is available which you can get freely. Consult the use of this substance to your doctor because it may affect other drugs you are taking.