How to Treat Genital Warts in Humans?
How to Treat Genital Warts? In general, the method of treatment of genital warts is divided into two, namely by using topical drugs and through ablation procedures. Topical drugs are usually intended for genital warts that do not grow spreading. In contrast, the ablation procedure is recommended in patients whose genital warts do not respond to topical medication and grow spreading. In addition, ablation procedures will be the primary choice if the patient is pregnant because a number of topical drug products have harmful side effects to the fetus.
Topical treatment is a treatment by applying an ointment, cream, or liquid containing certain substances to the infected part with the aim of killing wart cells or stimulating the immune system to fight infection. Topical medications for genital warts differ from topical medications that are used for common warts. Avoid using ordinary warts for genital warts because it can further irritate the genital area that has a more moist and soft tissue, and the more painful.
Should see a doctor if you feel the symptoms of genital warts (such as itching, pain, and heat in the genital area) in order to get the right handling. Some types of topical medications for genital warts include:
- Trichloroacetic acid. This drug works to burn wart cells. After applying acid trikloroasetat, usually you will feel the heat on the skin for a moment. It is not advisable to take this medicine without a doctor’s supervision because if its application is wrong, it could result in damage to your skin. Trichloroacetic acid is usually prescribed by doctors to treat small, but hard-textured warts. This drug is safe to use by women who are pregnant.
- Podophyllotoxin. Drugs that work by poisoning these wart cells are usually prescribed to treat genital warts small and clumped. Podophyllotoxin is not recommended for pregnant women. The use of podophyllotoxin is organized by cycle. One cycle contains twice daily podophyllotoxin for three consecutive days and followed by four days without drugs. Usually doctors will recommend the use of these drugs for up to five cycles.
- Imiquimod. This drug works by stimulating the immune system to fight wart infections. Imiquimod is available in cream form and is usually recommended for treating large warts. However, this drug is not recommended for women who are pregnant. Side effects of imiquimod use are mild irritation of the skin.
How to Treat Genital Warts with ablation procedures
Here are four main techniques of genital warts treatment in the ablation procedure, including:
- Excision. In the excision method, the warts will be cut and discarded. Next, the wound on the skin will be stitched. Before this procedure is performed, the doctor will give the patient a local anesthetic in the area infected with the warts. Side effects of excision is a scar that arises after heal. Therefore this method is only to overcome the warts are grouped on a small scale, not large.
- Electric surgery. This method is usually combined with excision. After excision cuts off the surface of the wart, the remnants of the remaining wart tissue will be burned by hot wires. The heat arises because the wire is electrified. Electrical surgery is usually applied to remove warts on the vulva and anus.
- Cryotherapy. This is a method of release of the wart by being frozen using nitrogen liquid. Cryotherapy usually has to be done periodically until the wart is lost without residue and covered by new skin. This method is applied to remove clusters of small warts found in the penis and around the vulva. During cryotherapy, avoid sexual intercourse until the warts and surrounding areas of skin are completely healed. Side effects of this method can be pain, irritation, and skin areas treated will blister.
- Laser surgery. As the name implies, this method uses laser energy to burn and eliminate warts. Laser surgery is usually performed as a last resort when other ablation methods can not treat genital warts that are large in size and are difficult to reach (eg in the urethra or anus). The side effects of this procedure can be irritation and pain for several weeks.
During the treatment of genital warts, you are advised not to use lotions, bubble bath, or soap containing perfume because it is feared can cause irritation to the skin.