How to Treat Epilepsy?
How to Treat Epilepsy? Most cases of epilepsy can not be cured. Even so the patient can consume drugs to prevent seizures. The most common medicine prescribed by a doctor is antiepileptic drugs (OAE). Many epilepsy patients experience a decrease in seizure frequency or even no seizure at all for years after undergoing treatment therapy with OAE.
In determining the OAE best suited to the patient, the physician will adjust to the age, condition, and frequency of seizures experienced by the patient. In addition, if the patient is experiencing other health problems, the doctor will adjust the OAE so as not to interfere with the performance of other drugs that are being consumed by the patient.
In order for seizures to be prevented optimally, patients are advised to always take the medicine in accordance with the prescribed doctor regularly. In addition, if the patient wants to stop taking or switch to another type of OAE, you should check with your doctor first.
Side Effects after taking OAE Drugs
Just like most drugs, OAE is also at risk of side effects. These side effects can be classified as mild or severe. Some of the mild OAE side effects include:
- Weight gain
- The body feels tired
- Decreased bone density
- Memory is reduced
- Talk is not smooth
- Loss of movement coordination
- Skin rash
While the more severe side effects of OAE (this is rare) are:
- Inflammation of organs (eg liver organ)
- Severe skin rash
- Be depressed
- The tendency to commit suicide
Immediately tell your doctor if you have migraines, mood swings, depression, or even a desire to kill yourself after taking OAE.
Type of OAE Medication Available
The following are the types of OAE that are currently available:
If therapy with anti-epilepsy drugs still can not control the condition tersenut in patients, then brain surgery therapy can be used as an alternative. This surgery is done to remove the part of the brain that produces seizures.
Patients may be referred to an epilepsy for several tests including memory, psychological and brain scanning tests for troubled areas of the brain. After the test, surgery will be recommended if:
- Brain surgery will not cause significant problems due to loss of certain brains.
- If the part of the brain is problematic in one area only.
However, this brain surgery still has a saping effect of masalha with patient memory and postoperative stroke. Talk to your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of this therapy if this therapy is recommended.
Another therapy for epilepsy is the ketogenic diet. This diet is a diet high in fat but low in carbohydrates and protein. This is thought to reduce the frequency of seizures by changing the composition of compounds in the brain.
However, this therapy is not recommended in adults especially those with a history of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.