How to Treat Depression?
How to Treat Depression? Before determining the treatment step, your doctor will ask you a few things about your mental condition and also about your general health condition. Your doctor will ask you about the symptoms of depression you are experiencing and investigate what triggers are. In addition to verbal consultation, your doctor may perform blood tests to ensure that the symptoms are due to depression and not a health problem such as a thyroid hormone balance disorder.
Sometimes, when a person is depressed, they can hardly imagine any medication that can help. In fact, depression will be easier to cure if it is handled faster. Be open to your doctor.
The handling done by the doctor depends on the type and cause of depression being suffered.
If depression is mild, ie depression with symptoms that do not interfere with the daily routine of the sufferer, self-treatment can be quite effective. There are several things you can do yourself to deal with depression. Self-deployed steps are:
- Learn about depression. Understanding more about the illness experienced can help and motivate you in undergoing the treatment performed. In order for the family to provide full support, ask them to learn about depression.
- Exercising. This activity can help reduce symptoms of depression. Do sports such as walking, swimming, running, gardening or other physical activity. The main function of exercise is to increase the sense of confidence and reduce feelings of anxiety and sadness. In addition, exercise is also able to improve the quality of one’s sleep.
- Sleep enough. Adequate sleep is also very important for both mental and physical health.
- Meditation or yoga. This activity can help in terms of relaxation. By learning how to control and calm the mind, symptoms of depression can become lighter.
- Avoiding alcohol and drugs. Cigarettes, alcoholic beverages, and drugs may initially seem helpful, in fact this will only add to the problem for the long term.
- Community supporters. Talking about your problem with a group of people with the same experience can reduce the perceived burden. You can start by talking to your closest friends or family. Find out about support groups in your area.
When you are depressed, try to talk about whatever you feel with your close person. At least you can explain to the doctor who handles. Never make any decisions when you feel sad or are experiencing symptoms of depression.
In addition to lifestyle changes and relaxation, here are some commonly used treatment options for depression:
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
Applied to people who are held hostage by a certain mindset that harms them. For example, there is a woman who is very unconfident and dare not do anything because since childhood her mother often criticize. CBT will help her to free herself from negative thoughts and feelings from it and replace it with a positive response such as “I am an independent woman who can achieve anything I want.”
- Problem-Solving Therapy (PST)
PST can improve the ability of the sufferer to face the stressful experience, especially for the elderly depressed person. Patients will be asked to identify problems and get realistic solutions through a gradual process.
- Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
The basic principle of IPT is that it improves communication patterns and interactions with others that can help alleviate depression. IPT helps analyze the causes of conflict with others such as contention with family members or conflicts with co-workers.
- Psychodynamic Therapy
This therapy helps understand how emotions affect the behavior of people with depression. Patients will be helped to understand and find a way out of the problem.
- Brain Stimulation Therapy.
If the administration of drugs does not reduce the symptoms of depression, then the doctor can perform electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients. Based on recent research results, ECT can make people with severe depression feel better. Patients do not feel pain when undergoing ECT, because that is distributed to the brain is an electrical impulse, but can cause side effects such as confusion, disorientation and memory loss. These side effects can only be briefly, or may take longer.
The above therapies are generally performed by a psychiatrist, psychologist or therapist.
Drugs Used To Overcome Depression
In addition to self-handling, depression can also be treated with drugs. Especially for more severe cases of depression, the above steps will need to be supported with the following medications:
- Antidepressants. These drugs are used to treat the symptoms of depression. There are many options of antidepressants. These drugs are given as prescribed by a doctor. The success rate and impact of antidepressants vary by person. Examples of antidepressant drugs are fluoxetin, citalopram and amitriptylin. The use of antidepressant drugs will generally require regular doctoral monitoring, especially in early use. Usually, antidepressant drugs take 2 to 4 weeks to work and begin to relieve the symptoms felt by the patient.
- Lithium. These drugs may be recommended by a doctor if antidepressants are not strong enough to relieve symptoms of depression. Lithium can turn into toxins if levels are too high in the blood. Therefore, patients who consume lithium need to do regular tests to monitor the level of lithium in the blood.
Severe and untreated depression can cause the sufferer to lose motivation to live and eventually decide to commit suicide. Try to discuss any issues with the people closest to you or with your doctor. Recognize the symptoms of depression if it occurs to those around you. The faster the treatment and treatment performed, the overall recovery chance becomes higher.