How to Treat Conjunctivitis?
How to Treat Conjunctivitis? Treatment of conjunctivitis depends on the cause. The following are treatments that are classified according to the causes of conjunctivitis.
There are several ways you can do it yourself to deal with infective conjunctivitis because most of the cases do not require medical care and will disappear within 1-2 weeks. Below are some ways you can do to relieve symptoms experienced.
- Use tear drops that are useful as lubricants to relieve pain and stickiness in the eyes. This medicine can be purchased freely in pharmacies.
- Wash your hands regularly after touching the infected eye so as not to spread.
- Do not use contact lenses before symptoms of infection disappear or at least one day after completion of treatment. Replace the contact lenses that have been used when infected because it may be a source of infection.
- Use a dampened cotton cloth to gently clean the petals and eyelashes so as not to stick.
If the symptoms do not go away after two weeks or the infection is severe enough, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics, one of which is chloramphenicol.
Usually doctors will prescribe chloramphenicol eye drops as a primary treatment. However chloramphenicol in the form of an ointment will be prescribed if the patient does not match the drip form. Vision may become blurred for 20 minutes after the use of eye ointment. Be sure to follow doctor’s advice on drug use.
In addition to chloramphenicol eye drops, there are also eye drops of fusidic acid. Children, pregnant women, and elderly people are more suited to using fusidic acid eye drops because their use is not necessary as often as other eye drops.
Before seeing a doctor, try to do self-treatment at home first to relieve symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. Compress the eyes with a cloth soaked in cold water and avoid exposure to allergens. Do not wear contact lenses until symptoms of conjunctivitis are lost. In order for the symptoms do not worsen, do not rub your eyes though itchy.
If allergic conjunctivitis does not subsided, see a doctor. Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines (either in the form of eye drops or oral) to relieve allergic symptoms. Examples of antihistamine drugs are azelastine, cetirizine, loratadine, fexofenadine, or emedastine. Use medicine as recommended by physician,
In addition to antihistamines, short-term corticosteroid drugs in the form of gels, ointments, or creams may be prescribed if symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis are severe enough.
In addition, there is also a drug called mast cell stabilisers that are useful for controlling the symptoms of allergy in the long term. Doctors may combine antihistamines with these drugs, as the effect of mast cell stabilizers can be felt after a few weeks of use. Examples of commonly prescribed mast cell stabilisers are nedocromil sodium, sodium cromoglicate, and lodoxamide.
See your doctor for further examination if you experience symptoms such as reduced vision, eye pain, one or both eyes are dense red, and photophobic or sensitive to light. The examination aims to check whether the patient has sexually transmitted diseases (eg chlamydia) which can lead to the occurrence of infective conjunctivitis. If left unchecked, symptoms of the disease may last up to several months.
Prevention of Conjuncitivitis
There are several ways that can be done to prevent the spread of conjunctivitis, including:
- Often wash your hands and change pillowcases.
- Use a clean towel or cloth and do not wear someone else’s towels.
- Remove used eye makeup and do not share makeup with others.
- Do not rub or touch infected eyes.
- Clean your eyes with cotton, then wash your hands with warm water and soap.
- Do not use eye drops once used for infected eyes to avoid transmission.
- If exposed to eye infections, do not go to work or school until conjunctivitis is no longer contagious.
- Avoid contact lenses when infected with the eye. Instead, you can use glasses.