HIV And AIDS Definition By Medical
HIV And AIDS Definition is Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus attacks the immune system and weakens the body’s ability to fight infections and diseases.
HIV can not be cured, but there are treatments that can be used to slow the progression of the disease. This treatment will also make the sufferer live longer, so that can live life normally. With early HIV diagnosis and effective treatment, people living with HIV will not turn into AIDS. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection. At this stage, the body’s ability to fight infection is completely gone.
HIV / AIDS in Indonesia
In Indonesia, since the first incidence of HIV infection in 1987 HIV spread over 368 out of 497 districts / cities across the province. Bali Island is the first province where HIV / AIDS infection is found in Indonesia.
According to UNAIDS, in Indonesia there are about 690 thousand people with HIV until 2015. Of these, half percent are aged between 15 to 49 years. Women aged 15 years and over who live with HIV conditions about 250 thousand inhabitants. The death toll from AIDS reaches 35 thousand people. Thus there are orphans due to the deaths of parents because AIDS amounts to 110,000 children.
The spread of HIV
HIV is a fragile type of virus. Can not last long outside the human body. HIV can be found in the body fluids of an infected person. The fluid in question is fluid sperm, vaginal fluid, anal fluid, blood, and breast milk. HIV can not spread through sweat or urine.
In Indonesia, the cause and spread of HIV / AIDS virus is divided into two main groups, namely through unsafe sex and needle-sharing syringes when using narcotics.
Here are some other ways of spreading HIV:
- Transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy, when giving birth or breastfeeding.
- Through oral sex.
- Use of sex aids together or alternately.
- Through blood transfusions from an infected person.
- Use needles, injection, and other contaminated injecting equipment, such as sponges and cleaning cloths.
HIV Infection Tests
If you feel you have a risk of becoming infected with the HIV virus, the only way to find out is to have an HIV test counseled. Immediately visit the nearest health facility (VCT clinic) for HIV testing. With this test will know the results of HIV diagnosis in your body.
This HIV testing and counseling service is referred to as VCT (Voluntary Counseling and Testing) or KTS (Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing). This test is voluntary and confidential. Before performing the test, counseling is given first. Counseling aims to determine the level of risk of infection and also the pattern of daily living. After this stage, discuss how to deal with HIV test results if proven positive.
HIV testing is usually a blood test to confirm the presence of antibodies to HIV in the blood sample. Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system to attack certain germs or bacteria. HIV testing may be repeated one to three months after a person performs activities suspected of causing him to catch the HIV virus.
There are several places to test for HIV. You can ask the nearest hospital or health clinic. In Indonesia, there are several foundations and organizations that focus on HIV / AIDS affairs, among them:
- Indonesia AIDS Community
- ODHA Indonesia
- Abiasa Set
- Spiritia Foundation
- Orbit Foundation
- AIDS Foundation Indonesia
Meanwhile, government agencies established specifically to handle HIV / AIDS is the National AIDS Commission (KPAN).
If the result is positive, you will be referred to an HIV specialist clinic or hospital. Several other blood tests may be needed. This test is to show the impact of HIV on your immune system. You can also talk about handling options that can be done.
Step Treatment For HIV Patients
Although there is no cure to completely eliminate HIV, the current HIV treatment steps are quite effective. Treatment can extend the life of HIV sufferers and they can live a healthy lifestyle.
There are drugs known as antiretrovirals (antiretrovirals) that act to inhibit the virus in damaging the immune system. The drugs are administered in the form of tablets consumed daily. You will be advised to do a healthy lifestyle. For example healthy food, not smoking, getting an annual flu vaccine, and five-year pneumococcal vaccine. It aims to reduce the risk of dangerous diseases.
Without treatment, people with HIV-infected immune systems will drop dramatically. And they tend to suffer life-threatening diseases such as cancer. This is known as late-stage HIV or AIDS.
How to Prevent HIV
The best way to prevent HIV is to have sex safely, and never share needles, and any injecting equipment. All who have had unprotected sex and shared needles or injections are at greater risk of becoming infected with HIV.