Hepatitis C Definition By Medical
Hepatitis C definition is one of the diseases that can attack the liver. Diseases caused by this virus can trigger infections and inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis C generally does not show symptoms in the early stages. Therefore, around the hepatitis C patient does not realize that he was infected until finally suffered liver damage years later.
Although there are symptoms of hepatitis C that appear, the indication is similar to other diseases that are difficult to realize. Some of them are always feeling tired, stiff, and no appetite.
Acute and Chronic Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus can cause acute and chronic infections.
- Acute hepatitis C is an infection that occurs in the first 6 months. These infections are usually asymptomatic and rarely deadly. Approximately 15-45 percent of sufferers successfully recover from this disease without special treatment.
- While the remaining 55 to 85 percent will save the virus for a long time which then develops into chronic hepatitis C infection. Chronic hepatitis C patients have a risk of about 15-30 percent for liver cirrhosis within 20 years. Cirrhosis These complications can be fatal.
- According to WHO, the number of chronic hepatitis C patients in the world reaches 130 to 150 million people and there are about 700 thousand people who suffer from liver disease caused by hepatitis C. While in Indonesia, there are recorded at least 28 million people who suffer from hepatitis C and B and half Among which develop into chronic.
How To Transmit Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus develops in the blood. Therefore, we will be infected with hepatitis C in contact with the patient’s blood.
The most common mode of hepatitis C transmission is through hypodermic needles, such as drug users who share needles or undergo tattooing in places where there is no sterile equipment. In addition, lending each other personal items such as nail clippers and toothbrushes and free sex can also heighten a person’s risk of contracting the disease.
However, hepatitis C virus will not spread through breast milk, food, drink, or touch like shaking hands or hugging.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hepatitis C
If treated as early as possible, liver damage in hepatitis C patients can be prevented and inhibited. Therefore, people at high risk of contracting the disease are advised to undergo blood tests to diagnose hepatitis C. For example, people who have been or have been active in illegal drugs through injections or who have undergone blood transfusions.
If you have positive hepatitis C, you do not necessarily need treatment. The immune system is generally able to eradicate dasn infection not all people with chronic hepatitis C will definitely suffer liver damage.
Acute hepatitis C usually can heal without special treatment. While chronic hepatitis C sufferers require treatment steps through antiviral drugs. The drug will stop the development of the virus and prevent liver damage. Commonly used antiviral examples are interferon and ribavirin.
The experts then managed to find a new type of drug that is more effective as well as more secure and can be tolerated by the body. The name of the newest drug is a direct antiviral agent (DAA).
Please remember that if ever healed and healed from hepatitis C, does not mean your body has complete immunity to the virus. Although already recovered, hepatitis C sufferer must be careful because it still has the risk to re-infected with the same disease.
Prevention of Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C has not been prevented by vaccination. But there are several ways we can do to reduce the risk of transmission, such as stop or not to use illegal drugs. Not sharing the use of potentially blood contaminated personal items (such as nail clippers and toothbrushes) can also be done as a precaution.
Although the disease is rarely transmitted through sex, the use of a safety device such as a condom can prevent you from hepatitis C. Especially in contact with blood, such as anal sex or menstrual blood.
Hepatitis C patients are also more at risk for other types of hepatitis. Doctors generally recommend vaccinations to prevent hepatitis A and B.