Hemolytic Anemia Treatment
Treatment of hemolytic anemia will depend on the severity of anemia, age, general patient health condition, and patient tolerance to certain drugs. Methods of hemolytic anemia treatment include:
- Blood transfusion. Blood transfusion aims to increase the number of red blood cells of patients and replace damaged blood cells rapidly.
- Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG). Deficiency of red blood cells can cause patients more susceptible to infection. To prevent this, the patient will be given immunoglobulins through intravenous fluids.
- Corticosteroids. In patients with extrinsic hemolytic anemia caused by autoimmune disease, corticosteroids serve to suppress the immune system’s response so that the red blood cells are not destroyed easily.
- Surgical removal of the spleen. The spleen is an organ that destroys red blood cells. In cases of severe hemolytic anemia and can not be treated with other treatment methods, the patient’s spleen may be removed to reduce red blood cell damage.
For people with hemolytic anemia who have been diagnosed by a doctor, need to note the following things in order to undergo normal activities, including:
- Avoid direct contact with sick people, especially those affected by infectious diseases.
- Avoid crowds of people to lower the risk of infection.
- Routine washing hands.
- Avoid eating raw food.
- Routine tooth brushing.
- Receive regular flu vaccination every year.