Heart Palpitations Definition By Medical
Heart palpitations definition is sensations that are felt when the heart pounding strongly, quickly, or irregularly. This sensation can also be felt in the area of the throat and neck.
This condition is a common condition and usually lasts for a few seconds or several minutes. But the palpitation that is too often, worsening, and accompanied by certain symptoms such as shortness and dizziness, should be wary of. This condition can be a sign of heart problems.
The heart works to pump blood from the rest of the body and transport back the oxygenated blood throughout the body. Inside the heart, blood will flow through the four chambers in the heart, the right atrium, right chamber, left foyer, and left ventricle.
An electrical impulse generated by an area in the right portion of the heart will initiate the heart to push and pump blood to continue flowing into the other chamber in the heart until it is channeled back throughout the body. This pumping motion will keep the heart until the body gets enough blood supply. This is what causes the heart to beat continuously and regularly. Normal heartbeat is usually about 70 beats per minute (bpm) and the normal heart rate of adults ranges from 40-100 bpm.
Heart Causes Pounding
Causes and factors that increase the risk of experiencing heart palpitations include:
- Attack of panic / anxiety.
- Heavy physical exercise.
- Nicotine, for example, comes from cigarettes.
- Hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause.
- Consume alcoholic beverages.
- Certain drugs that contain stimulants, such as colds and coughs that contain pseudoephedrine, asthma medications (such as salbutamol and terbutaline), as well as drugs (amphetamines, ecstasy, cocaine, and marijuana).
Various diseases can also cause heart palpitations, namely:
- Patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) or other heart disorders that trigger the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF), a type of heart rhythm disorder.
- Some conditions of arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorder). Some arrhythmia conditions are associated with heart attack or scarring of heart muscle from previous heart attacks.
Heart Symptoms Pounding
Heart palpitations can be felt as a strong and fast heartbeat. Pulsations can also be irregular. In addition to the chest, can also be felt in the throat and neck. Heart palpitations can also be felt whether you are in a state of rest or activity, and either in a sitting, lying, or standing.
Different symptoms may accompany different conditions. Dizziness and tightness in the chest can be a sign of heart abnormalities. Heart palpitations caused by supraventricular tachycardia or atrial fibrillation may be accompanied by symptoms of fatigue, dyspnea, or angina. Panic attacks can be accompanied by nausea, sweating, and shaking. Symptoms of weight loss may also accompany people with hyperthyroidism.
Beware of palpitations that will not subside after a few minutes, as well as accompanied by pain in the chest area, shortness of breath, dizziness, and fainting. If you feel the condition of the body becomes unhealthy or have experienced heart problems then you should immediately contact or see a doctor. Keeping a record of heart rate per minute on a daily basis can make it easier for doctors to analyze and find out what causes palpitations and get a diagnosis.
Heart Diagnosis Spreads
Knowing the different symptoms that arise from different causes can help the doctor get the diagnosis and treatment appropriate for the patient. Doctors can ask questions related to what activity or food is consumed before symptoms appear. The history of heart disease in the family may also be asked to know if heart palpitations are caused by a heart disorder. The doctor will also perform a physical exam including checking the pulse, measuring blood pressure, listening to heart sounds using a stethoscope and looking for your thyroid gland to enlarge.
Blood tests can be done to help determine the cause of heart palpitations. From blood tests, it can be seen whether you have anemia and hyperthyroidism (excess thyroid hormones).
In some cases, patients with heart palpitations require additional testing which is generally done by a cardiologist’s joint agreement. Although most cases of palpitations are not caused by heart problems, these tests can help doctors confirm the diagnosis to determine the right type of treatment.
One investigation that is also commonly performed is electrocardiography (EKG). EKG is done while you do daily activities (ambulatory ECG monitoring) to get more accurate results. In addition to EKG, a test called echocardiogram can also be performed to scan the heart using ultrasound waves.
Heart Throbbing Treatment
Treatment of palpitations is seen from the diagnosis obtained based on symptoms and causes so that the type of treatment performed may vary. Generally the doctor will tell you to avoid the heart beat trigger. For example, avoid caffeine if you experience heart palpitations due to caffeine. Another example is referring you to a psychiatrist when the heart palpitations are triggered by an anxiety disorder.
In rare cases when heart palpitations are caused by heart abnormalities, you will usually be referred to cardiologists.
Palpitations caused by atrial fibrillation are usually treated with beta-blocking agents to slow the heart rate or drugs that can restore the heartbeat to normal. Other handling may include pacemaker installation, electrical shock therapy (cardioversion), and catheter baler to destroy the area of the heart that causes the heartbeat to become irregular.
Heart Prevention Pounding
Palpitations or heart palpitations can be prevented by avoiding trigger factors, such as caffeine, nicotine, stress, and certain drugs including cocaine and amphetamines (drugs). Begin to familiarize yourself with your body and mind for more peace by practicing breathing or doing relaxation techniques, such as yoga and meditation.
Starting a healthy lifestyle can be a good preventative measure, not just to treat palpitations alone, but to keep your heart and body healthy in general as well.