Gonorrhea Definition By Medical
Gonorrhea definition is one of the common sexually transmitted diseases and is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus. Men and women can get the disease. Gonococcal bacteria are commonly found in the penile and vaginal discharge of infected people.
Bacteria of this disease can attack the rectum, cervix (cervix), urethra (urethra and sperm), eyes, and throat.
Gonorrhea is most often transmitted through sex, such as oral or anal sex, contaminated sex toys or not coated with a new condom each used, and having sex without using a condom. Infants can also be infected at birth if their mother has gonorrhea and generally infects the baby’s eyes, potentially leading to permanent blindness.
Gonorrhea bacteria can not survive outside the human body for a long time, that is why gonorrhea is not transmitted through toilet seat, cutlery, sharing towels, swimming pool, sharing glasses, kisses, and hugs.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
About 10 percent of infected men and 50 percent of infected women experience no symptoms so that many gonorrhea patients pass on to their partners unnoticed.
It is usually easier to recognize gonorrhea symptoms in men than women because early symptoms in women may be very mild or not so obvious that they are often mistakenly thought of as a vaginal infection or a urinary tract infection. However, the infection will spread to the female pelvic organs if not treated immediately and can cause bleeding in the vagina, lower abdominal pain, fever, and pain during sexual intercourse.
Symptoms of gonorrhea that often appear, both in men and women, of which is when urination will be sore or sore and discharge of viscous fluid such as yellow or green pus from the vagina or penis. Therefore, the disease is known as ‘urinary pus’.
Diagnosis of Gonorrhea
There are several ways to diagnose gonorrhea in a person. In most cases, the doctor will test the liquid sample from the vagina or penis for later examination in the laboratory.
In women, doctors or nurses will usually use a cotton bud to take fluid samples in the vagina or cervix. However, your doctor may also ask the patient to use a tampon to take the liquid sample. The procedure is painless, but the patient may feel a little uncomfortable.
The procedure in men is slightly different, where the doctor may examine the patient’s urine sample and then check the results in the laboratory. Urine examination is less accurate results in female patients. In addition, the doctor may also take a sample of fluid that comes out at the tip of the penis by using a cotton bud.
Treatment and Prevention of Gonorrhea
Your doctor will usually give you one antibiotic injection and one antibiotic tablet to treat gonorrhea, and recommend that you come back a week or two after the initial treatment for reexamination and make sure the gonorrhea bacteria is completely gone.
Symptoms due to gonorrhea bacteria will improve after a few days if effective treatment is done and as soon as possible. But if left unchecked, it could be a serious problem.
To prevent transmission to others or to re-infection, you and your partner should not have sex until the treatment is completely complete and a re-examination has been shown to be negative.
You may get gonorrhea back if you do not have safe and healthy sex in the future. The best way to prevent sexually transmitted infections is to avoid multiple partners, not having sex outside of marriage, and using condoms when having sex.