Gastritis Definition By Medical
Gastritis definition is a condition when the lining of the stomach is irritated, inflamed or eroded. Based on the period of symptoms development, gastritis is divided into two, namely acute (rapidly developing and sudden) and chronic (progressing slowly).
The stomach has acid-producing cells and enzymes that are useful for digesting food. To protect the stomach lining from inflammatory conditions or acid erosion, these cells also produce a “mucous” layer called mucin.
When gastritis occurs, there are sufferers who feel the symptoms and some are not. Some of the symptoms of gastritis include:
- Gnawing pain and heat in the stomach
- Missing appetite
- Quick feel full when eating
- Stomach ache
- Gastrointestinal disorders
- CHAPTER with black stools
- Vomiting blood
See a doctor if the symptoms of gastritis always feel after you take certain medications, you feel symptoms of heartburn for a week more, you CHAPTER with dark black stool texture, and you vomit blood.
Pain or pain in the stomach does not always indicate the presence of gastritis. Treatment usually depends on the cause of the disease.
Causes of Gastritis
Here are some things that can cause gastritis, including:
- H. pylori bacterial infection
- Side effects of taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg ibuprofen and aspirin) regularly
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Drug abuse
- Autoimmune reaction
- Growing age
- Bacterial and viral infections
- Crohn’s disease
- HIV / AIDS disease
- Bile reflux
- Pernicious anemia
- Chronic vomiting
A number of things will be done by doctors in diagnosing gastritis, ranging from asking for symptoms, reviewing personal and family health history, doing physical examination, to follow-up examination. Some examples of such follow-up are:
- Breath test to see the presence of H. pylori bacteria.
- Endoscopy to see any signs of inflammation in the stomach. This examination is sometimes combined with biopsies (tissue sampling in areas suspected of inflammation for subsequent investigation in the laboratory). Biopsy methods can also be applied by doctors to see the presence of H. pylori bacteria.
- X-ray examination and barium fluid to see the presence of ulcers in the stomach.
- Stool examination to see any bleeding and infection in the stomach.
- Examination of blood cell levels to see if the patient is anemic.
Prevention and Treatment of Gastritis
If you are susceptible to symptoms of gastritis, try to divide your meal into a new feeding schedule. For example, if you previously like to eat large portions of each meal schedule, change the portion to a little so that your eating schedule becomes more frequent than usual. In addition, avoid oily, sour, or spicy foods.
If you include someone who is active in drinking alcohol, then reduce the habit because alcohol can also cause symptoms of gastritis. In addition, control your stress.
If symptoms of gastritis often recur after you use a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain medication (NSAID) consult the doctor. In this case, doctors will usually replace NSAIDs with other types of pain medication such as paracetamol.
Symptoms of gastritis disease may subside if handled properly. There are several drugs that are usually prescribed by doctors, among them:
- Histamine inhibitor 2 (H2 blocker). This drug is able to relieve symptoms of gastritis by reducing the production of acid in the stomach. One example of histamine inhibitors 2 is ranitidine.
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). These drugs have the same performance as histamine 2 inhibitors, but are more effective. One example of proton pump inhibitors is omeprazole.
- Antacid medications. This drug is able to relieve symptoms of gastritis (especially pain) quickly by neutralizing stomach acid.
- An antibiotic drug. This drug is prescribed in patients with gastritis whose condition is known to be caused by a bacterial infection. Examples of antibiotic drugs are amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole.
Complications due to gastritis may occur if the condition is not treated. Some of them are:
- Stomach ulcers
- Bleeding in the stomach
- Stomach cancer