6 Most Common Gallstones Complications in Humans

Gallstones Complications
Gallstones Complications

Gallstones Complications in Humans

In gallstones complications, the explanation of gallstones can lead to blockage of the bile ducts or switch to the digestive system. This is what usually causes serious complications.

Inflammation of Acute Bile Pouch

Cholecystitis or acute gallbladder Gallstones inflammation occurs when bile builds up in the gallbladder because there is a gallstone that clogs the fluid outlet.

Symptoms of acute cholecystitis include pain in the upper abdomen that radiates to the shoulder blades, high fever, and rapid heartbeat.

Antibiotics are generally used as the first treatment to treat the infection before surgical removal of the gallbladder is performed. The procedure used is usually a ‘keyhole’ operation.

Abscess of gallbladder Gallstones

Pus may occasionally appear in the gallbladder due to severe infection. If this happens, treatment with antibiotics alone is not enough and the pus will need to be aspirated.


Peritonitis is an inflammation of the inner lining of the stomach known as the peritoneum. This complication occurs due to rupture of the gallbladder that has severe inflammation. Treatment includes infusion of antibiotics, to surgery to remove the severely damaged peritoneum.

Blockage of Gallbladder Gallstones

Blockage of the bile duct by the stone makes this channel susceptible to infection-causing bacteria, or medically called acute cholangitis. These complications can generally be treated with antibiotics and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures. Symptoms of this infection are upper abdominal pain that radiates to the shoulder blades, jaundice, high fever, fever, itching of the skin and confusion.

Acute Pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis is also one of the complications that can occur if gallstones out and clog the pancreatic ducts. Inflammation of the pancreas will cause severe pain in the middle of the stomach. The pain will get worse and spread to the back, especially after eating.

In addition to abdominal pain, acute pancreatitis can also cause other symptoms. Among these are diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, high fever, and jaundice.

Hunched or curled position may help relieve abdominal pain due to acute pancreatitis. This complication can not be cured with special treatment. The goal of treatment is only to support the function of the body until the inflammation subsides on its own. Hospital care generally lasts about a week before the patient is allowed home, such as infusion fluids, oxygen therapy, painkillers, diet settings.

Gallbladder Cancer

Gallstones suffer a higher risk of developing gallbladder cancer. However, the likelihood of occurrence is very rare, even for people at high risk because of hereditary factors once. Surgical removal of the gallbladder will be advisable to prevent cancer, especially if you have high levels of calcium in the gallbladder. Symptoms of this cancer is almost the same as gallstone disease that includes abdominal pain, high fever, and jaundice.

Treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also be performed if a person has gallbladder cancer.

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