What is Fibroadenoma Breast?
Most breast lumps are caused by benign tumors (not cancerous). Fibroadenoma Breast is one of the most common benign tumors in the breast that is easily shifted to the touch. Fibroadenoma Breast has a dense regular form with a rubbery or hard consistency and a smooth, slippery surface.
Fibroadenoma can be enlarged and smaller by itself and has a fairly varied size. During pregnancy, usually the size of fibroadenoma will enlarge. People with this type of benign tumor are usually women aged between 20 to 30 years.
Symptoms of Fibroadenoma Breast
You may have fibroadenoma in the breast if you feel a lump that has the following characteristics:
- Does not hurt.
- Shaped round with a clear edge of the tumor.
- Easy to move when touched.
- A lump that can feel supple or rather hard.
You can have more than one fibroadenoma at once with a variety of sizes. However, there is fibroadenoma with a size that is too small (approximately 8 centimeters) to be felt using the hands. This type of fibrodenoma can only be seen through ultrasound or mammography.
Call your doctor immediately if you detect any new lumps or changes to the breast.
Causes of Fibroadenoma Breast
Until now, the development of fibroadenoma is often associated with reproductive hormones, but the cause of fibroadenoma is not known exactly by doctors. Some opinions say that fibroadenoma is the woman’s abnormal response to the hormone estrogen. When women are in reproductive age, these fibroadenomas will appear more frequently.
The size of fibroanodema will also dilate during pregnancy or when someone is undergoing hormone replacement therapy. And it will shrink back when the level of reproductive hormones decreases, such as after entering menopause.
Diagnosis of Fibroadenoma Breast
The doctor will immediately perform a physical examination whether there are lumps or other problems in both breasts. Depending on the characteristics of the bumps encountered and the age of the patient, the doctor will usually advise the patient to undergo one of these tests:
- Breast ultrasound. Doctors will suggest ultrasound tests for women under 40 years old. Because tissue in women’s breasts under 40 years of more dense make mammography test results difficult to analyze the doctor. From the results of this exam allows doctors to analyze whether the lump in the breast contains fluid or solid.
- Mammography. Doctors will analyze images of fibroadenoma in breast tissue of patients taken using X-rays. This test is more effective in women aged 40 years and over.
- Biopsy. If the lump can not be definitively diagnosed with mammography and ultrasound, then the doctor will suggest a breast biopsy test. The doctor will take tissue samples from inside the lump to be analyzed in the laboratory.
For those of you who have complex fibroadenoma, your risk of having breast cancer will increase. Fibroadenoma complex is a fibroadenoma that contains abnormal cysts and opaque tissue. The diagnosis of complex fibroadenoma can only be done through a biopsy procedure.
Treatment of Fibroadenoma Breast
Basically fibroadenoma does not require treatment. In order to relieve anxiety, some women choose surgery to remove fibroadenoma bumps.
Based on clinical examination, imaging tests, and biopsy tests, your doctor will suggest the procedure options for treating fibroadenoma. If the doctor considers the lump is abnormal from the tests already done, then the procedure for fibroadenoma increase is:
- Lumpectomy. Surgical procedure for cutting or lifting fibroadenoma lumps from the breast. The tissue removed will be brought to the laboratory for testing whether there are cancer cells.
- Cryoablation. In this procedure, the doctor will insert a thin stick-like tool into a fibroadenoma lump to spray out a gas that will freeze the tissue.
Although it has been removed, fibroadenoma can still reappear. Physical examination and biopsy tests are required to ensure that the lump is fibroadenoma or cancer.
It should be taken into consideration that fibroadenoma bumps may shrink or disappear by themselves. In addition, surgery can change the shape and texture of the breast. However, you should perform a routine check to see if there are any changes in size or shape of the lump.