Embolism Meaning By Medical
Embolism meaning is an obstacle to the flow of blood vessels. The obstacles mentioned here can be either air bubbles or clotted blood. Embolism that appear on the human body can disrupt the body organs due to lack of oxygen.
The vital organs of the human body, such as the brain, heart and lungs, can not function properly when oxygen supply is inhibited. In the brain, embolism causes a stroke. While in the lungs, embolism causes pulmonary embolism. Not only the function of the organ is disturbed, but too long the lack of oxygen can make the organ tissue permanently damaged.
Symptoms of Embolism
Here are some of the symptoms that can occur due to embolism in the lungs:
- Hard to breathe
- Pain in the chest is more severe when breathing and coughing
- Coughing, can bleed
- Excessive sweating
- Rapid heartbeat
If the embolism inhibits blood flow to the brain, then there will be symptoms of stroke.
Embolism has the potential to inhibit blood flow to an organ thoroughly and this is potentially fatal. Immediately to the nearest hospital if you experience symptoms of stroke or pulmonary embolism.
The Cause of Emboli
Emboli, or obstacles to the blood supply to the tissues and organs of the body, can be many things, including:
- Fat. Bone that is cracked can lead to the release of fat particles in the bone into the bloodstream. In addition, fat can also enter the bloodstream in case of complications after undergoing bone surgery or because of severe burns.
- Blood clots. To prevent excessive bleeding during wounds, the blood will naturally agglomerate. But some conditions, such as heart disease, obesity or obesity, cancer, and pregnancy can cause blood to clot more easily even if no injuries occur. One of the main causes of pulmonary embolism is the occurrence of blood clots in the veins in the legs that are then released and into the lungs.
- Amniotic fluid. It is the fluid that surrounds and protects the baby in the womb. Although this condition is very rare, amniotic fluid can enter the mother’s blood vessels during childbirth and cause clogging.
- Cholesterol. Atherosclerosis is a narrowing of the arteries caused by the accumulation of cholesterol. If the condition is severe enough, a small amount of cholesterol can be released and cause embolism or blockage in the bloodstream.
- Air. Air or gas bubbles can also enter the bloodstream. This condition is the main cause of death among divers. A rapidly rising diver will experience drastic change in pressure. This can lead to the emergence of nitrogen bubbles in the bloodstream. This condition causes decompression disease.
In addition to some of the above, there are also some conditions that can increase the risk of someone experiencing embolism, namely:
- Is pregnant.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Suffering from heart disease.
- Aged over 60 years.
- Not moving or active for long periods of time.
Treatment of Embolism Conditions
Treatment under embolism is dependent on the cause of the occurrence of blockage, the size of the blockage, and the location of the blockage.
Drugs can be given to dissolve the blood clots that appear. This treatment is known by the name of thrombolysis by taking anticoagulant drugs. Commonly used drugs are warfarin, heparin, and low-dose aspirin. These drugs can prevent the increase of blood that clot and make the blood becomes less viscous.
Embolectomy is a surgical procedure that can be done to remove blockages that are formed. Blood vessels that are blocked will be dissected and the blockage will be sucked.
Especially in cases of embolism due to air bubbles, the patient will be put into a hyperbaric chamber. The air pressure in the hyperbaric chamber is higher than the outdoor air pressure. In this way, the size of the air bubbles inside a diver’s body will decrease.
Here are some ways you can do to reduce the risk of embolism.
- Lose weight. If you are overweight, do exercise regularly and do a low-calorie diet to achieve a healthy weight.
- Quit smoking.
- Healthy diet. Begin to get used to eating foods rich in fiber, low fat, and low in salt.
- Exercising. Do exercise for at least two and a half hours a week to keep the body active and blood flow smoothly.