What is Dyslexia Disease?
Dyslexia disease is a learning disorder, in which a person has difficulty reading, writing, or spelling. Dyslexic sufferers will have difficulty in identifying how spoken words should be converted into letters and sentences, and vice versa.
Dyslexia disease is common at the age of children, and can attack children with vision and normal intelligence levels. In other words, dyslexia does not affect and is influenced by the level of one’s intelligence.
Until now, the cause of dyslexia is still not known for certain. But some experts suspect that genetic and hereditary factors play a major role behind this learning disorder, in which the derived genes will affect the part of the brain that functions for language regulation.
Dyslexia is a condition that will be suffered for life and still has not found its healing until now. However, most children with dyslexia are able to learn and graduate well in school with the help of specialized learning programs. In addition, moral and emotional support also plays an important role in determining the learning success of children with dyslexia.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Dyslexia symptoms vary widely and are generally not the same in each patient. Therefore, this disorder is usually difficult to recognize. Especially before the child enters school age.
There are a number of hereditary genes that are thought to affect the development of the brain that controls phonology, namely the ability and thoroughness in understanding sound or spoken language. For example, distinguish the word “nail” with the word “hammer”.
In toddlers, dyslexia can be identified through a number of symptoms in the form:
- The development of speech is slower than children his age.
- It takes a long time to learn a new word, eg mistakenly calling the word “mother” to “sweet potato”.
- Difficulty using words to express yourself, eg difficulty choosing the right words or difficulty putting words right.
- Less understanding of words that have rhymes, for example “daughter dancing alone”.
The usual dyslexic symptoms will be more pronounced when the child starts learning to read and write in school. Your child will experience some difficulties that include:
- Difficulty processing and understanding what he hears.
- Slow in learning the names and sounds of the alphabet.
- Often wrong or too slow when reading.
- Slow when writing and writing is not tidy.
- Difficulty remembering sequences, eg alphabetical order or day names.
- Tend to not find the similarities or differences in a
- Difficult spelling, for example the letter “d” is often confused with the letter “b”, or the number “6” with the number “9”
- Slow in writing, for example when dictated or copy writing.
- Difficulty speaking a new word is known.
- Has low phonological sensitivity. For example, they will have difficulty answering the question “how does it sound when the letter ‘b’ in ‘book’ is replaced by ‘s’?”
Because it is difficult to recognize, dyslexia sometimes there is a newly realized after the patient went to adolescence and even adults. Some of them are:
- Difficulty reading and spelling.
- Difficulty copying notes as well as making papers, such as papers or reports.
- Problematic in expressing something through writing or summarizing a story.
- Often do not understand the joke or the meaning of figurative language, for example the term “thin brain” which means smart.
- Difficulty in managing time, such as deadline in task.
- Difficulty remembering things in sequence, such as phone numbers.
- Tend to avoid reading and writing.
- Difficulty counting.
If you are worried about the slow development of your child’s reading and writing skills, contact your doctor. Examination is also useful to ascertain whether there are other medical disorders or not, such as vision or hearing impairment.
Dyslexia Diagnosis Process
Before going to a doctor or specialist, you should find out about the advantages and disadvantages of the child’s ability first. This process can be done through games, such as picture puzzles. If possible, you can also ask for help from a school teacher, for example, to provide remedial programs.
Dyslexia tends to be difficult to detect because of its diverse symptoms. Your doctor may consider several factors, such as:
- History, development, education, and child health. The doctor may also ask if there is a history of other family members with learning disabilities.
- Circumstances at home. Questions to ask include descriptions of family conditions, such as anyone who lives at home and whether there is a problem in the family.
- Filling out the questionnaires by family members as well as school teachers.
- The test to check the ability to understand the child’s information, reading, memory, and language.
- Vision, hearing, and neurological examination to exclude the possibility of any illness or other disorder that causes the symptoms experienced.
- Psychological tests to understand the psychological state of the child and exclude the possibility of interaction, anxiety, or depression disorders that may affect his ability.
Method of Handling Dyslexia
After the diagnosis of dyslexia is certain, the doctor will recommend the treatment that should be lived. Dyslexia can not be cured, but and early treatment has proven to be very effective in improving the ability of patients, especially reading.
One form of treatment that can help people with dyslexia is a special education approach and assistance. Determination of the type of intervention that suits usually depends on the severity of dyslexia experienced as well as psychological test results of the patient.
For children with dyslexia, the most effective type of intervention in improving literacy is the intervention that focuses on phonological ability. These interventions are usually called phonics. Dyslexic sufferers will be taught basic elements such as learning to recognize the smallest phoneme or sound unit in words, understanding the letter and the composition of the letters that make up the sound, understanding what is read, reading sounds, and building vocabulary.
In addition through educational intervention, parents also have an important role in improving the ability of children. Simple steps that can be done include:
- Read books for children. The best time to read a book is when a child is 6 months old, or even younger. When the child is older, try reading together with the child.
- Work with your child’s school. Discuss the condition of the child with the teacher or principal, and discuss the most appropriate way to help your child succeed in the lesson.
- Expand reading time at home. You may be tired of reading the same and repeated stories to your child, but this repetition will further enhance the child’s ability to understand the story so that they become less familiar with writing and stories. Also give time for your child to read on your own without your help.
- Make reading a fun activity. You can choose a fun light reading topic, or an atmosphere to read elsewhere eg in the park.
Encouraging and persuading children to read books and discussing their content together will also be useful.
Avoid criticizing when a child makes a mistake in reading in order for the child’s self-confidence to be established.
Educational interventions are not only useful for children with dyslexia, but also for adolescents and adults in improving their literacy and writing skills. Similarly, it involves the help of technology such as computer programs with voice recognition software.
Handling dyslexia takes time and energy is not small. Therefore, families and patients are encouraged to be patient with it. Support and help from family members and close friends will be very helpful.