Differential Diagnosis of Meningitis
Because of its sudden appearance and flu-like symptoms, meningitis is difficult to diagnose. The diagnosis of meningitis is based on family health history, physical tests, and several other diagnostic tests.
1.Test Tests for Bacterial or Virus-Related Meningitis
Meningitis is a very serious disease, so for young children to be fully recovered, this disease needs to be addressed as soon as possible. To determine whether meningitis is caused by bacteria or viruses, clinical testing is necessary.
Diagnosis is not possible only on the basis of symptoms. Meningitis is potentially deadly because it can turn into septicemia (blood infection) therefore meningitis should be treated as an emergency medical condition.
2. Medical Relief
Immediately call your doctor or go directly to the nearest hospital if you suspect meningitis of any symptoms, especially those that appear in children.
Whenever the symptoms appear, you should immediately go to the emergency room (IGD) at the nearest hospital. Meningitis is a serious and serious condition, so make sure that handling occurs as soon as possible. Do not wait for a purple rash to appear. Not all people with meningitis will have this symptom. If you are unsure, it is better to contact your doctor immediately or come directly to the nearest clinic or hospital.
3. Ways To Ensure Diagnosis
The doctor will perform a physical exam to look for signs of meningitis and septicemia or blood infections, such as a rash. Diagnosis will also be confirmed through tests, including:
a. Laboratory test. Conducted to search for bacteria, parasites, or viruses that cause meningitis in blood samples, anal fluid, stool, or serum from the patient’s body. Special tests to detect the type of mushroom can be done as well.
b. Lumbar puncture . Samples of cerebrospinal fluid are taken from the base of the spine and examined for bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.
c. Scan for chest X-rays. To look for signs of infection.
d. CT scan
e. Urine test, to check for infections of the urinary tract.
f. Biopsy. Sampling tissue from rash on the skin.