Diarrhea Treatment For Children
Diarrhea Treatment – In children, the symptoms of diarrhea usually disappear within 5-7 days or under two weeks. While in adults, diarrhea usually heal within 2-4 days. The human immune system will fight diarrheal infections naturally. However, diarrhea may last longer depending on the cause, for example:
- Diarrhea caused by campylobacter and salmonella bacteria usually lasts for 2-7 days.
- Normal norovirus-induced diarrhea lasts about two days.
- Diarrhea caused by rotavirus usually lasts 3-8 days.
- Diarrhea caused by ordinary giardasis lasts several weeks.
Although diarrhea can heal by itself, you can relieve the symptoms by following some suggestions. This advice also applies to diarrhea sufferers who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Increase fluid consumption
Replacing fluid and electrolyte / ion losses is one of the important keys in the treatment of diarrhea. This is necessary to avoid or handle dehydration. You or your child is advised to take a few gulps of fluids as often as possible despite symptoms of vomiting. A little liquid is better than nothing. Avoid fruit juices and soft drinks because it can aggravate the condition of diarrhea, especially in children.
If your child shows signs of dehydration, such as rarely urinating, pale or freckled skin, drastically decreased body condition, cold feet and hands, and fussiness and drowsiness, you are advised to consult a doctor immediately.
The factors below make a child more at risk of dehydration:
- Experiencing more than six times diarrhea in one day.
- Vomiting more than twice a day.
- Stop suckling abruptly.
- It’s less than a year old, especially if you’re under six months old.
- Being less than two years old with weight below average at birth.
Keep giving your baby milk or eating normally even if they have diarrhea. When breastfeeding, you yourself should continue to increase your own fluid intake to keep the supply of milk always awake.
Food when experiencing diarrhea
If you have diarrhea, make sure you eat solid foods after being able to eat. It is also suggested by health experts. You should not eat too large portions and avoid foods that are too heavy, spicy, or fatty.
Do not give solid foods to your child if they are dehydrated. Give them enough fluids and make sure the signs of dehydration stop. Then you can feed them normally. If your child refuses to eat, keep fluids until their appetite returns.
Overcome diarrhea with ORS
For those susceptible to dehydration, doctors usually recommend the use of ORS. Diarrhea sufferers who are recommended to drink ORS are those who have serious health problems, such as heart disease, weakness, and those over sixty years of age.
Oralite consists of a mixture of water with sugar and salt. This fluid serves to replace carbohydrates, electrolytes / ions, and other essential minerals lost in the body to avoid dehydration. Oralit can be purchased at pharmacies without prescription.
If your child has diarrhea and has a risk of dehydration, doctors usually recommend giving ORS. You can see the instructions or dosage of oralit contained on the package. The dose given usually depends on the size and weight of the child, but the general recommendation for oral administration in children is one sachet for each time after toilets. Oralite itself can not cure diarrhea or cope with the cause, but only useful to prevent and restore dehydration.
If you or your child is seriously dehydrated from diarrhea, then hospitalization by administering fluids through an IV line will be required.
Overcoming diarrhea with drugs
There are several types of antidiarrheal drugs, and generally antidiarrheal drugs can reduce symptoms, as well as shorten the duration of diarrhea by one day. The most commonly used antidiarrheal drug is loperamide. This drug has been shown to be effective and has few side effects. Loperamide is able to make your stool more dense and reduce the frequency of your bowel movements.
A number of antidiarrheal drugs can be purchased at pharmacies without prescription from a doctor. You are advised to read the instructions on the packaging to know the correct dose dosage and know if the drug is suitable for you. Antidiarrheal drugs are not really necessary unless you are pressed for important activities.
Do not take antidiarrheal medication if you have a high fever or there is blood and pus in your stool. Immediately consult a doctor.
Use of antibiotics for diarrhea
Antibiotics are usually recommended if the cause of diarrhea has been confirmed as a bacteria or if the symptoms of diarrhea are very severe. Diarrhea sufferers are advised not to take antibiotics if the cause is unknown. In addition to antibiotics can cause bad side effects, antibiotics also have no effect if diarrhea caused by a virus. If too often used for mild disease, the positive effects of antibiotics will be reduced when later used to treat more serious conditions. Antibiotics are also recommended for those who have weak immunity and are susceptible to infection.
Pain relief medicines
Although painkillers will not treat diarrhea, but you may take paracetamol or ibuprofen if your diarrhea is accompanied by headaches and fever. The use of ibuprofen is prohibited for people with asthma and for those who have liver or kidney disease. Children may take paracetamol or ibuprofen if necessary. To find out if the drug is suitable for your child, check the instructions for using the drug on the package. Aspirin is not suitable for children under 16 years of age.
Treatment of basic conditions
What is meant by treatment of the basic condition here is the treatment given when the diarrhea you are experiencing is caused by a pre-existing disease based on the doctor’s diagnosis. For example, if your diarrhea is caused by inflammation of the intestine, then the disease should be treated thoroughly before it can cure diarrhea. Because if the basic conditions are not handled properly, then the possibility of diarrhea as symptoms will continue.