How to Test Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes – Early diagnosis is essential so that diabetes can be treated as soon as possible. If you have diabetes symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. A number of checks that will generally be recommended are as follows:
This examination will show the average sugar level in the patient’s blood over the past 2-3 months. HbA1c levels of 6.5% or more will indicate that patients have type 2 diabetes. This test can also be used as a baseline for people at risk of developing diabetes.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
This test serves to evaluate the activity of insulin in the body. The patient’s blood sample was taken twice for fasting glucose and two hours after meals.
Fasting glucose test will be done on the morning after you fast for 8 hours, only water is allowed to drink. You are also advised not to take certain medications that may affect the test results. Blood samples will be taken towards the end of the fasting phase.
Then, you will be asked to drink a syrup containing 75 grams of glucose (sugar). Exactly two hours later, your blood sample will again be taken for glucose testing to evaluate the activity of insulin in the body.
How To Know Your Test Results
Your known sugar levels from oral glucose tolerance test results will determine whether you suffer from impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes.
Milligrams / deciliter or commonly abbreviated mg / dL is the unit of blood glucose used in general in Indonesia. Normal blood sugar levels are:
- 80-100 mg / dL before meals.
- 80-144 mg / dL after meals (checked exactly two hours after meals).
While the blood sugar doses of patients with impaired glucose tolerance are:
- 108-126 mg / dL before meals.
- 142-198 mg / dL after meals (checked exactly two hours after meals).
Lifestyle changes will be recommended if the test results show you suffer from impaired glucose tolerance. Your doctor may also give you medications to lower your blood sugar levels.
While the blood sugar doses for diabetics are:
- More than 126 mg / dL before meals.
- More than 198 mg / dL after meals (checked exactly two hours after meals).
If the test results show you have diabetes, your doctor will usually give you drugs to lower and maintain your blood sugar balance.