Diagnosis of Lung Cancer in Women and Men
Here are some tests that can be done to confirm the diagnosis of lung cancer. For those of you who experience symptoms of lung cancer such as sustained cough, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, and chest pain should see your doctor immediately. Early detection of cancer can improve the success of the treatment process.
- Sputum examination. Sputum that we remove when cough can be examined in the laboratory with a microscope. Sometimes this check can be used to see if there are cancer cells in the lungs.
- Imaging test. The first diagnosis for lung cancer usually uses X-rays. X-ray imaging of the lungs may reveal an existing tumor. If an X-ray is suspected of having lung cancer, further tests need to be done to confirm it.
- CT scan can show a small abnormal that can not be seen with X-rays. By utilizing CT scan, clearer and more detailed imagery can be obtained.
- PET-CT Scan can show the location of cancer cells that are active. This imaging is usually done if the results of a CT scan show there is a cancer cell at an early stage.
- Biopsy or tissue sampling of the lungs. This procedure is performed after the imaging test and shows that there is a cancer cell in the chest. The doctor will take a sample of tissue cells from within the lungs.
Stage of Lung Cancer
- Stage 1. Cancer is still inside the lungs and has not spread to the surrounding lymph nodes. The size of the tumor at this stage is still below 5 cm.
- Stage 2. Tumors larger than 5 cm. But regardless of size, the tumor can be said to enter stage 2 if the cancer has spread to adjacent lymph nodes, the muscles and surrounding tissue, and the respiratory tract (bronchi), the cancer causes the lung to collapse (collapses), there are more than one tumor-sized Small in one lung.
- Stage 3. At this stage, there are cancer cells that have spread to the lymph nodes that are far from the lungs or cancer attack other important body parts such as esophagus (esophagus), trachea, or major blood vessels in the heart.
- Stage 4. Cancer has spread to both the lungs or other organs away from the lungs like the brain and liver. In addition, it can be categorized stage 4 if the cancer causes fluid buildup in the lungs.