Diagnosis of Liver Cancer in Humans
People who are more at risk of developing liver cancer need to undergo periodic checks for the diagnosis of liver cancer. Convey the symptoms that you feel and when you start feeling it to the doctor. If you need further investigation, your doctor will refer you to a specialist.
A number of investigations may be necessary, one of which is to ascertain whether there are cancer cells in the liver and whether they come from other organs (secondary liver cancer) or primary liver cancer. In addition, the examination was done to find out how big the lump of cancer in the liver and how big the area of spread. It is necessary to know at what stage the patient is located. Thus the doctor will get a picture of the condition and function of the liver, its effect on the patient’s health, and to decide the right handling.
Generally, you will undergo the following checks:
Monitoring for Intensive Liver Cancer Detection
If you are a group of people who are at high risk of developing liver cancer such as cirrhosis patients, it is advisable to perform periodic checks every six months.
The examination is usually through two stages, namely blood tests and ultrasonography (USG). Blood tests serve to detect the presence or absence of a protein in the blood called alpha fitoprotein (AFP). More than half of people with primary liver cancer produce this protein in their blood. In addition, ultrasound or ultrasound is performed to determine abnormalities in the liver.
In addition to ultrasound and AFP detection via blood tests, doctors may use various other investigations for the diagnosis of liver cancer, namely:
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). Taking a look at your liver organ uses magnetic fields and radio waves.
- CT scan. Your heart organ will be photographed with special X-rays.
- Biopsy. Your liver tissue sample will be taken with a needle. This example will then be tested in the laboratory to detect cancerous cells.
- Laparoscopy. It is run by making a small stroke on the abdomen so that a flexible camera called endoscopy can be inserted to check your heart. The test is run with total anesthesia.
However, you may not need to use any type of test to confirm the diagnosis.
Stages of Development of Liver Cancer
The rating system Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) divides the five stages of development of liver cancer as follows:
- Stage o: the patient is still in good health and his heart is functioning well, but there are tumors less than 2 cm in diameter.
- Stage A: The patient is in good health and his heart is functioning normally. But it has grown a tumor less than 5 cm in diameter, or there are three or more tumors with a diameter of less than 3 cm.
- Stage B: There are several tumors in the liver, but it has no effect on the liver function.
- Stage C: the cancer has begun to spread into the blood vessels, into the surrounding lymph nodes or other body parts. The person’s body is not very healthy and the function of his heart does not work so well.
- Stage D: people begin to show symptoms of late stage of liver disease, such as fluid accumulation in the stomach. The heart has lost most of its functional abilities.