Diagnosis of Hypertension in Adults
At the initial diagnosis of hypertension, the ideal blood pressure level is below 120/80 mmHg. However, measurements below 130/90 mmHg are still within the normal range. Blood pressure may vary. High measurement results in one examination does not mean you automatically have hypertension.
Healthy adults over the age of 40 are encouraged to check blood pressure at least once every five years. But if you are more at risk of hypertension, you are advised to check blood pressure more often, it is recommended once a year.
Blood pressure is usually measured using manual and digital sphygmomanometers. Most doctors now use a digital sphygmomanometer, a blood pressure meter that uses an electronic sensor to detect your pulse.
You can also check at home if you have your own equipment. This is intended to be able to monitor the size of blood pressure periodically in the day lag. This is done to ensure consistency of your blood pressure.
Blood and urine tests may be recommended to check whether any particular condition or illness is the trigger behind the increase in blood pressure.