Diagnosis of HIV and AIDS
In Diagnosis of HIV and AIDS, People who have recently become infected with HIV will experience symptoms like flu. This occurs for approximately one month to two months after infection. Early symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and the appearance of a rash. But, some people who suffer from HIV do not feel the signs and symptoms for years.
Just by having an HIV test, we can know for sure whether we are infected or not. The faster the HIV is detected, the treatment success rate will be higher. If you feel you are at risk of HIV infection, consult your nearest doctor or health clinic.
Do not delay treatment after you know you have been infected with HIV. If it’s too late, the virus can quickly spread into the immune system. This can interfere with your health. You can also avoid spreading the virus to people closest or to others.
Conducting HIV / AIDS Test
To test whether we are infected with HIV, one of the most common tests is a blood test. Blood will be checked in the laboratory. This test serves to find antibodies to HIV in the blood. However, this new blood test can be trusted if done at least a month after HIV infection, because antibodies to HIV do not form immediately after the initial infection. Antibodies to HIV take about two weeks to six months, before finally appearing in the blood.
The period between HIV infection and the formation of antibodies sufficient to show positive test results is referred to as the “window time”. At this time, an HIV-infected person can transmit the virus, although blood tests do not show any antibodies to HIV in the blood.
One way to diagnose HIV other than a blood test is the “Point of Care” test. In this test, a sample of saliva from the mouth or a small drop of blood from a finger will be taken, and the results will come out in just a few minutes.
Before a person is given a definitive diagnosis, it is necessary to do several tests to be sure. This is because the window of HIV is long enough. So, the first test results are not necessarily reliable. Test several times if you feel you are at risk of HIV infection.
If tested positive for HIV, some tests should be done to monitor the development of the infection. After that, then can be known when to start treatment of HIV.
Where to Test HIV / AIDS
There are several places to perform HIV blood tests. In fact, some puskesmas have also provided services for HIV testing. Click this link to see some hospitals in Indonesia that provide HIV testing facilities and services for people living with HIV and AIDS.
In Indonesia, there are several foundations and organizations that focus on HIV / AIDS affairs, among them:
- Indonesia AIDS Community
- ODHA Indonesia
- Abiasa Set
- Spiritia Foundation
- Orbit Foundation
- AIDS Foundation Indonesia
Meanwhile, government agencies established specifically to handle HIV / AIDS is the National AIDS Commission (KPAN). You can consult them on anything related to HIV / AIDS.
Today, home HIV-testing kits are also available free to buy at pharmacies, health clinics, or via the internet. But, to be more clear in understanding this virus, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
If interested in HIV testing, before will be given counseling or counseling. HIV testing can not be done without the consent of the person concerned.