Diagnosis of Hepatitis C in Humans
In diagnosis of hepatitis c, If treated early, liver damage in people with hepatitis C can be prevented and inhibited. Therefore, people at high risk of contracting the disease are advised to undergo periodic hepatitis C examination. For example, drug users, medical workers, and people who have had blood transfusions or organ transplants.
The examination process is done through a blood test. There are 2 types of blood tests that are recommended to diagnose this disease, namely:
- An antibody test. The presence of hepatitis C indicates that you have been exposed to the virus, but that does not mean you still suffer from this disease.
- Polymerase Chain Reaction or PCR Test. This test is used to check for the presence of hepatitis C virus by detecting whether the virus is still actively proliferating in your body or not. A positive result means your body has not completely eradicated the virus and the infection has entered a chronic stage.
If both of the above test results show positive results, you will be advised to undergo liver function tests. This process can be done through blood tests, ultrasound, and biopsy. These tests aim to examine the extent of damage occurring to liver organ and hepatitis C virus type. The hepatitis C virus genotype is divided into 6 types and each has a different response to its treatment steps.