Complications of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Complications of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

The Most Common Complications of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

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Complications of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Complications of vitamin B12 deficiency anemia are rare in most cases or even in folic deficiency anemia, but if you have long-term deficiency of vitamin B12 or folate, complications may occur.

Causes of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Regardless of the cause, anemia can lead to heart and lung complications, as the heart attempts to pump more oxygen to other organs.

Diseases that can develop in people with anemia are tachycardia or heart rate more than 100 beats per minute. In addition it can also occur heart failure or when the heart does not pump blood throughout the body properly.

Problem with fertility

Sometimes vitamin B12 deficiency anemia can cause sterility for a while.

Abnormalities in the nervous system

The nervous system like the brain and spinal cord can be affected because of vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 is important for producing red blood cells, and also for the health of the nervous system. Without proper treatment, vitamin B12 deficiency complications can become permanent. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause other health problems before becoming anemia. Here are the things you might experience:

  • Loss of memory
  • Problem with vision
  • Ataxia: loss of physical coordination, this condition can affect the whole body and can cause speech or walking difficulties
  • Paresthesia: a tingling sensation

The emergence of neural tube defects (NTD)

The risk of the baby having birth defects (NTD) will increase if during pregnancy the mother lacks vitamin B12 in the body. Infant growth and development are affected by this disorder. Some examples of abnormalities that occur are spina bifida that is, baby’s spine is not formed perfectly. In addition, anencephalus or brain may occur and the baby’s cranium is not perfectly formed.

Folate Deficiency

Complications can be caused by folate deficiency with or without anemia. Some of the complications will be explained below.

Problem with fertility

Just like vitamin B12 deficiency, fertility can also be affected because of folate deficiency. But the impact can be overcome by taking vitamin supplements and only temporary.

The emergence of neural tube defects (NTD)

Growth and development of the baby in the womb is also influenced by the lack of folate in the body, as well as vitamin B12 deficiency. Birth abnormalities will increase in unborn babies, such as spina bifida.

The occurrence of premature birth

Folate deficiency during pregnancy may increase the risk of the baby being born prematurely or before entering the 37th week of pregnancy. In addition, it can also affect your baby’s development.

The emergence of cardiovascular disease

According to research, cardiovascular disease will increase when the body lacks folate. Cardiovascular disease is a term that describes health conditions involving blood vessels, heart, and the way blood circulates throughout the body.

Causes cancer

According to research, some cancers can be associated with folate deficiency. One example is stomach cancer. Cancer growth is not only due to folate deficiency, but has the potential to contribute to the growth of cancer.

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