Complications of Iron Deficiency Anemia
The most feared complications of iron deficiency anemia is their stunted growth and development process. Without adequate nutrition and oxygen, mental, intellectual and cognitive development of children can be inhibited. The energy and ability of children to physical activity is also reduced if you are experiencing anemia. Ultimately, all of these can have a negative impact on their emotional and social functions. Behavior and academic performance of children were more left behind than children of the same age who did not experience anemia.
In addition, anemia also causes a decrease in immune defenses. Children with anemia become susceptible to various infections.
To prevent the occurrence of anemia in children, especially infants, give them breast milk or iron fortified formulas for the first year. After the first year, do not give milk more than 700 milliliters per day. Because the consumption of too much milk will replace other foods that may be rich in iron content. Pure cow’s milk is not a good source of iron for babies, if they are under a year old, cow’s milk is not recommended.
Complications of Iron Deficiency Anemia In Pregnant Women
Iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women is closely related to maternal mortality. Anemia in pregnant women should be wary of. Complications experienced by women who are pregnant can be fatal, both in the mother and fetus. Anemia in pregnant women may result in:
- Stunted baby growth.
- The birth of a baby prematurely.
- Babies are born with low weight.
- Babies become more susceptible to infection at birth.
- Infant mortality can occur in severe anemia conditions.
Complications of Iron Deficiency Anemia In Adults
Iron deficiency anemia also has a dangerous effect in adults if left to drag on. People who suffer from anemia easily feel tired and lack of energy. This means that the level of productivity will be reduced. The person will also be more susceptible to diseases caused by a weak immune system.
Prolonged anemia can result in damage to various organs such as the kidneys, heart and lungs. Heart disease is also exacerbated if anemia is not treated. In severe cases, heart failure can occur.
Check with your doctor if you have symptoms of iron deficiency anemia. Early treatment and treatment can help restore well.