Complications of Influenza in Humans
Complications of Influenza – The influenza generally resolves without causing complications. Even so, you are advised to remain cautious because the immune system when suffering from influenza will decrease so it is more easily contracted other diseases. Similarly, people who are more susceptible to complications, such as pregnant women, the elderly, people with reduced immune systems, and people with chronic diseases (such as lung disease).
A number of common Influenza Complications are:
- Lung infections. The type of lung infection most commonly experienced by people with influenza is bronchitis. Bronchitis is an infection of the major respiratory passage called the bronchi. In some cases, more severe complications may occur, for example pneumonia (pneumonia).
- The worsening of influenza symptoms. In people with long-term (chronic) health problems such as asthma or COPD, influenza symptoms can become more severe than normal people.
- Increased blood sugar in diabetics. In addition to increasing blood sugar, flu also has the potential to trigger the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
- Premature birth. In pregnant women, the risk of infection due to flu will increase. The influenza can also increase the risk of premature birth or very low birth weight.
In addition, there are several other types of complications that can also be triggered by the influenza. Among them are swelling of tonsils (tonsillitis), ear infections, bronchitis, severe dehydration, and meningitis.
In people with flu, dehydration also has the potential to occur because of the reluctance to drink due to sore throat and fever perceived. In addition to adults who have weakened immune systems, children are also prone to dehydration, especially those under the age of two.