Chronic Hepatitis B Complications in Adults
According to a study on hepatitis B complications, one in three chronic hepatitis B patients who are not undergoing treatment can experience serious liver disease complications. These complications include cirrhosis, liver cancer, and fulminant hepatitis B.
Cirrhosis is the formation of scar tissue in the liver. Scar tissue is the tissue that forms after the initially normal liver cells, sustained injuries or inflammation. Symptoms of cirrhosis are usually undetectable and are often unaware of the sufferer until severe damage to the liver occurs. Severe cirrhosis can trigger symptoms such as weight loss, nausea, easy fatigue, itching of the skin and swelling of the abdomen and ankles.
The development of these complications can be inhibited with certain treatment steps, for example with antiviral drugs. But there are some patients who are forced to undergo liver transplant because the condition is already very severe.
Chronic hepatitis B can develop into liver cancer if not treated properly. Symptoms of this complication include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weight loss, and jaundice (skin and whites of yellowing eyes). Surgery may be performed to remove the liver part of the cancer.
Hepatitis B Fulminan
Fulminant hepatitis B occurs when the immune system becomes mistaken and starts to attack the liver causing severe damage. Some symptoms that indicate the condition is the patient becomes confused or confused, belly swollen, and jaundice. This disease can cause the liver to stop functioning and is often fatal if not treated immediately.